Exploiting multiple near-field optical eigenmodes is an effective means of designing, engineering, and extending the functionalities of optical devices. However, the near-field optical eigenmodes of subwavelength plasmonic nanostructures are often highly multiplexed in both spectral and spatial distributions, making it extremely difficult to extract individual eigenmodes. We propose a novel mode analysis method that can resolve individual eigenmodes of subwavelength nanostructures, which are superimposed in conventional methods. A transmission matrix is constructed for each excitation wavelength by obtaining the near-field distributions for various incident angles, and through singular value decomposition, near-field profiles and energy spectra of individual eigenmodes are effectively resolved. By applying transmission matrix analysis to conventional electromagnetic simulations, we clearly resolved a set of orthogonal eigenmodes of single- and double-slot nanoantennas with a slot width of 20 nm. In addition, transmission matrix analysis leads to solutions that can selectively excite specific eigenmodes of nanostructures, allowing selective use of individual eigenmodes.
- mode analysis
- nano optics
- transmission matrix
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering