Specific visual symptoms and signs of Meares-Irlen syndrome in Korean

Minwook Chang, Seung Hyun Kim, Joo Young Kim, Yoonae A. Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To discriminate the visual symptoms and signs of Meares-Irlen syndrome (MIS) and nonspecific dyslexia from other ophthalmologic diseases (NODs).

METHODS: Forty-five patients were enrolled. Thirty four of the patients with MIS whose symptoms improved with tinted lenses comprised MIS group. The other 11 patients whose reading difficulty improved with other ocular therapy and did not require tinted lenses comprised NODs group. The main symptoms causing dyslexia and associated ocular diseases were evaluated.

RESULTS: The mean age was 17.9 ± 9.5 years in MIS group, and 19.3 ± 11.0 years in NODs group. In MIS group, the most common symptoms while reading were difficulty to move lines (85%), doubling (53%), and difficulty in bright condition (27%). On the other hand, blurring was the most common symptom in NODs group (45%). The associated ocular diseases in the two groups were refractive error (79% and 73%), dry eye (29% and 18%), and exophoria (6% and 27%), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: Doubling, difficulty to move lines, and difficulty in bright condition while reading are main specific symptoms in MIS compared to nonspecific dyslexia from other ophthalmologic disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-163
Number of pages5
JournalKorean journal of ophthalmology : KJO
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr 1

Fingerprint

Signs and Symptoms
Dyslexia
Reading
Eye Diseases
Lenses
Exotropia
Refractive Errors

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Meares-Irlen syndrome
  • Tinted lenses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Specific visual symptoms and signs of Meares-Irlen syndrome in Korean. / Chang, Minwook; Kim, Seung Hyun; Kim, Joo Young; Cho, Yoonae A.

In: Korean journal of ophthalmology : KJO, Vol. 28, No. 2, 01.04.2014, p. 159-163.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chang, Minwook ; Kim, Seung Hyun ; Kim, Joo Young ; Cho, Yoonae A. / Specific visual symptoms and signs of Meares-Irlen syndrome in Korean. In: Korean journal of ophthalmology : KJO. 2014 ; Vol. 28, No. 2. pp. 159-163.
@article{24ef5e35bbbd41c79c79c4ba73c0268a,
title = "Specific visual symptoms and signs of Meares-Irlen syndrome in Korean",
abstract = "PURPOSE: To discriminate the visual symptoms and signs of Meares-Irlen syndrome (MIS) and nonspecific dyslexia from other ophthalmologic diseases (NODs).METHODS: Forty-five patients were enrolled. Thirty four of the patients with MIS whose symptoms improved with tinted lenses comprised MIS group. The other 11 patients whose reading difficulty improved with other ocular therapy and did not require tinted lenses comprised NODs group. The main symptoms causing dyslexia and associated ocular diseases were evaluated.RESULTS: The mean age was 17.9 ± 9.5 years in MIS group, and 19.3 ± 11.0 years in NODs group. In MIS group, the most common symptoms while reading were difficulty to move lines (85{\%}), doubling (53{\%}), and difficulty in bright condition (27{\%}). On the other hand, blurring was the most common symptom in NODs group (45{\%}). The associated ocular diseases in the two groups were refractive error (79{\%} and 73{\%}), dry eye (29{\%} and 18{\%}), and exophoria (6{\%} and 27{\%}), respectively.CONCLUSIONS: Doubling, difficulty to move lines, and difficulty in bright condition while reading are main specific symptoms in MIS compared to nonspecific dyslexia from other ophthalmologic disorders.",
keywords = "Diagnosis, Meares-Irlen syndrome, Tinted lenses",
author = "Minwook Chang and Kim, {Seung Hyun} and Kim, {Joo Young} and Cho, {Yoonae A.}",
year = "2014",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3341/kjo.2014.28.2.159",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "159--163",
journal = "Korean journal of ophthalmology : KJO",
issn = "1011-8942",
publisher = "Seoul Kjo",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Specific visual symptoms and signs of Meares-Irlen syndrome in Korean

AU - Chang, Minwook

AU - Kim, Seung Hyun

AU - Kim, Joo Young

AU - Cho, Yoonae A.

PY - 2014/4/1

Y1 - 2014/4/1

N2 - PURPOSE: To discriminate the visual symptoms and signs of Meares-Irlen syndrome (MIS) and nonspecific dyslexia from other ophthalmologic diseases (NODs).METHODS: Forty-five patients were enrolled. Thirty four of the patients with MIS whose symptoms improved with tinted lenses comprised MIS group. The other 11 patients whose reading difficulty improved with other ocular therapy and did not require tinted lenses comprised NODs group. The main symptoms causing dyslexia and associated ocular diseases were evaluated.RESULTS: The mean age was 17.9 ± 9.5 years in MIS group, and 19.3 ± 11.0 years in NODs group. In MIS group, the most common symptoms while reading were difficulty to move lines (85%), doubling (53%), and difficulty in bright condition (27%). On the other hand, blurring was the most common symptom in NODs group (45%). The associated ocular diseases in the two groups were refractive error (79% and 73%), dry eye (29% and 18%), and exophoria (6% and 27%), respectively.CONCLUSIONS: Doubling, difficulty to move lines, and difficulty in bright condition while reading are main specific symptoms in MIS compared to nonspecific dyslexia from other ophthalmologic disorders.

AB - PURPOSE: To discriminate the visual symptoms and signs of Meares-Irlen syndrome (MIS) and nonspecific dyslexia from other ophthalmologic diseases (NODs).METHODS: Forty-five patients were enrolled. Thirty four of the patients with MIS whose symptoms improved with tinted lenses comprised MIS group. The other 11 patients whose reading difficulty improved with other ocular therapy and did not require tinted lenses comprised NODs group. The main symptoms causing dyslexia and associated ocular diseases were evaluated.RESULTS: The mean age was 17.9 ± 9.5 years in MIS group, and 19.3 ± 11.0 years in NODs group. In MIS group, the most common symptoms while reading were difficulty to move lines (85%), doubling (53%), and difficulty in bright condition (27%). On the other hand, blurring was the most common symptom in NODs group (45%). The associated ocular diseases in the two groups were refractive error (79% and 73%), dry eye (29% and 18%), and exophoria (6% and 27%), respectively.CONCLUSIONS: Doubling, difficulty to move lines, and difficulty in bright condition while reading are main specific symptoms in MIS compared to nonspecific dyslexia from other ophthalmologic disorders.

KW - Diagnosis

KW - Meares-Irlen syndrome

KW - Tinted lenses

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84927173436&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84927173436&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3341/kjo.2014.28.2.159

DO - 10.3341/kjo.2014.28.2.159

M3 - Article

C2 - 24688259

AN - SCOPUS:84927173436

VL - 28

SP - 159

EP - 163

JO - Korean journal of ophthalmology : KJO

JF - Korean journal of ophthalmology : KJO

SN - 1011-8942

IS - 2

ER -