Spin-orbit torque efficiency in Ta or W/Ta-W/CoFeB junctions

In Ho Cha, Min Hyeok Lee, Gyu Won Kim, Taehyun Kim, Young Keun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Efforts to improve the spin-orbit torque efficiencies in junctions consisting of nonmagnetic and ferromagnetic layers are current technological interest to construct magnetic memory and logic devices. However, most of the previous studies have relied on pure metallic elements, and thus, the outcomes were marginal. Here, we investigate the spin-orbit torque efficiencies of junctions consisting of Ta-W and CoFeB with Ta and W underlayers, focusing on the thickness and concentration of Ta-W alloy. The damping-like torque change is more significant with the W underlayer than with the Ta underlayer. We found an enhancement in damping-like torque value reaching -23% measured for a sample consisting of 4 nm thick β-phase Ta15W85 at% layer. This value is substantially more significant than that of the junction with β-W only (-17%).

Original languageEnglish
Article number106102
JournalMaterials Research Express
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct

Keywords

  • crystal phase
  • spin-orbit torque
  • Ta-W alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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