Spontaneous regression of curve in immature idiopathic scoliosis - does spinal column play a role to balance? An observation with literature review

Hitesh N. Modi, Seung-Woo Suh, Jae Hyuk Yang, Jae-Young Hong, K. P. Venkatesh, Nasir Muzaffar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: Child with mild scoliosis is always a subject of interest for most orthopaedic surgeons regarding progression. Literature described Hueter-Volkmann theory regarding disc and vertebral wedging, and muscular imbalance for the progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. However, many authors reported spontaneous resolution of curves also without any reason for that and the rate of resolution reported is almost 25%. Purpose of this study was to question the role of paraspinal muscle tuning/balancing mechanism, especially in patients with idiopathic scoliosis with early mild curve, for spontaneous regression or progression as well as changing pattern of curves.Methods: An observational study of serial radiograms in 169 idiopathic scoliosis children (with minimum follow-up one year) was carried. All children with Cobb angle < 25° and who were diagnosed for the first time were selected. As a sign of immaturity at the time of diagnosis, all children had Risser sign 0. No treatment was given to entire study group. Children were divided in three groups at final follow-up: Group A, B and C as children with regression, no change and progression of their curves, respectively. Additionally changes in the pattern of curve were also noted.Results: Average age was 9.2 years at first visit and 10.11 years at final follow-up with an average follow-up of 21 months. 32.5% (55/169), 41.4% (70/169) and 26% (44/169) children exhibited regression, no change and progression in their curves, respectively. 46.1% of children (78/169) showed changing pattern of their curves during the follow-up visits before it settled down to final curve. Comparing final fate of curve with side of curve and number of curves it did not show any relationship (p > 0.05) in our study population.Conclusion: Possible reason for changing patterns could be better explained by the tuning/balancing mechanism of spinal column that makes an effort to balance the spine and result into spontaneous regression or prevent further progression of curve. If this which we called as "tuning/balancing mechanism" fails, curve will ultimately progress.

Original languageEnglish
Article number80
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Nov 4

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Scoliosis
Spine
Observation
Paraspinal Muscles
Observational Studies
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Spontaneous regression of curve in immature idiopathic scoliosis - does spinal column play a role to balance? An observation with literature review. / Modi, Hitesh N.; Suh, Seung-Woo; Yang, Jae Hyuk; Hong, Jae-Young; Venkatesh, K. P.; Muzaffar, Nasir.

In: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, Vol. 5, No. 1, 80, 04.11.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Child with mild scoliosis is always a subject of interest for most orthopaedic surgeons regarding progression. Literature described Hueter-Volkmann theory regarding disc and vertebral wedging, and muscular imbalance for the progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. However, many authors reported spontaneous resolution of curves also without any reason for that and the rate of resolution reported is almost 25{\%}. Purpose of this study was to question the role of paraspinal muscle tuning/balancing mechanism, especially in patients with idiopathic scoliosis with early mild curve, for spontaneous regression or progression as well as changing pattern of curves.Methods: An observational study of serial radiograms in 169 idiopathic scoliosis children (with minimum follow-up one year) was carried. All children with Cobb angle < 25° and who were diagnosed for the first time were selected. As a sign of immaturity at the time of diagnosis, all children had Risser sign 0. No treatment was given to entire study group. Children were divided in three groups at final follow-up: Group A, B and C as children with regression, no change and progression of their curves, respectively. Additionally changes in the pattern of curve were also noted.Results: Average age was 9.2 years at first visit and 10.11 years at final follow-up with an average follow-up of 21 months. 32.5{\%} (55/169), 41.4{\%} (70/169) and 26{\%} (44/169) children exhibited regression, no change and progression in their curves, respectively. 46.1{\%} of children (78/169) showed changing pattern of their curves during the follow-up visits before it settled down to final curve. Comparing final fate of curve with side of curve and number of curves it did not show any relationship (p > 0.05) in our study population.Conclusion: Possible reason for changing patterns could be better explained by the tuning/balancing mechanism of spinal column that makes an effort to balance the spine and result into spontaneous regression or prevent further progression of curve. If this which we called as {"}tuning/balancing mechanism{"} fails, curve will ultimately progress.",
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AU - Venkatesh, K. P.

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