Squeeze-cast Al-xZn-3Cu alloys exhibiting high strength, ductility, and wear resistance

Sang Soo Shin, Jae-chul Lee, Ik Min Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, we determined the feasibility of fabricating Al-xZn-3Cu cast alloys with a balanced combination of strength, ductility, and wear resistance. We found that when >30 wt% Zn is added to Al, cast alloys with properties exceeding those of conventional Al-xSi-based cast alloy counterparts are formed. For example, the Al-40Zn-3Cu alloy, when cast under a pressure of 100 MPa, exhibits a high tensile strength (~470 MPa) and ductility (~9%) even without melt modification and optimized heat treatment. We attribute these improved properties to solution-hardened fine α-Al grains and a networked skeleton of grain boundary phases formed during rapid solidification. The Al-40Zn-3Cu alloy also exhibits a low melting temperature (~564 °C), better fluidity, and better wear resistance than currently used Al-xSi-based alloys; hence, the alloy developed herein would be suitable for producing high-integrity structural parts via squeeze casting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-184
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 6


  • A. Mechanical characterization
  • A. X-ray diffraction
  • B. Aluminum alloy
  • C. Casting
  • C. Rapid solidification
  • D. Grain refinement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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