Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) is a useful biomarker in the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes since its level in the serum is higher in insulin-resistant states. Accurate measurement of the serum RBP4 levels is hampered by conventional immunologic methods, such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In this study, therefore, we have developed an aptamer-based surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor that can be used to sense for RBP4 in serum samples. A single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) aptamer that showed high affinity (K d = 0.2 ± 0.03 μM) and specificity to RBP4 was selected. This RBP4-specific aptamer was immobilized on a gold chip and used in a label-free RBP4 detection using SPR. Analysis of RBP4 in artificial serum using SPR was compared with ELISA and Western blot analysis. Our results indicated that the RBP4-specific aptamer-based SPR biosensor gave better dose-dependent responses and was more sensitive than ELISA assays. As such, this RBP4 aptamer-based SPR biosensor can be potentially used to monitor the RBP4 levels within the serum as an indicator of type 2 diabetes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry