Stabilization of arsenic and lead by magnesium oxide (MgO) in different seawater concentrations

Kentaro Kameda, Yohey Hashimoto, Yong Sik Ok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ongoing sea level rise will have a major impact on mobility and migration of contaminants by changing a number of natural phenomena that alter geochemistry and hydrology of subsurface environment. In-situ immobilization techniques may be a promising remediation strategy for mitigating contaminant mobility induced by sea level rise. This study investigated the reaction mechanisms of magnesium oxide (MgO) with aqueous Pb and As under freshwater and seawater using XAFS spectroscopy. Initial concentrations of Pb and As in freshwater strongly controlled the characteristics of the reaction product of MgO. Our study revealed that i) the removal of aqueous Pb and As by MgO was increased by the elevation of seawater concentration, and ii) the removal of As was attributed primarily to (inner-sphere) surface adsorption on MgO, independent on seawater concentrations, and iii) the retention mechanism of Pb was dependent on seawater concentrations where formations of Pb oxides and adsorption on the MgO surface were predominant in solutions with low and high salinity, respectively. The release of As fixed with MgO significantly increased in seawater compared to freshwater, although the amount of As desorbed accounted for <0.2% of total As. Removal of aqueous Pb and As by MgO is increased by the elevation of seawater concentration, and the seawater concentration affects the retention mechanism of Pb but not As.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)952-959
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume233
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Heavy metals
  • Periclase
  • Sea level rise
  • Soil pollution
  • XAFS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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