Stable high-areal-capacity nanoarchitectured germanium anodes on three-dimensional current collectors for Li ion microbatteries

Gwang Hee Lee, Seun Lee, Chan Woo Lee, Changhoon Choi, Dong-Wan Kim

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It is of great significance to improve the areal capacity of Li ion microbatteries in pursuit of high-end medical and RFID products and technologies. Here, we investigated germanium (Ge) nanoarray electrodes with high mass loading, directly anchored on three-dimensional (3D) copper (Cu) nanonet current collectors (Ge-na/Cu NNs). These nanoarchitectured electrodes showed superior areal capacity (>2 mA h cm-2) and usable lifetime at a current density of 1 mA cm-2 over 140 cycles. In addition, an excellent rate capability of 1.25 mA h cm-2 (calculated gravimetric capacity of 685 mA h g-1) at a current density of 5 mA cm-2 could be achieved using these synergistically fabricated Ge-na/Cu NN electrodes, making them potential electrodes for Li ion microbatteries with large energy and power densities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1060-1067
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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