Stable isotope systematics of Ulsan Fe-W skarn deposit, Korea

Seon-Gyu Choi, S. T. Kim, J. G. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

From the measurements of oxygen and carbon isotope ratios (δ13C= 1.2-4.6 ‰ relative to V-PDB, and δ18O = 13.5-22.1 ‰ relative to V-SMOW) of fresh or partly altered limestones at the Ulsan skarn deposit, it is suggested that the origin of carbonate rocks is marine carbonate rather than carbonatite. Moreover, the calculated isotopic compositions (δ13C = -7.67 ‰ and δ18O = 6.75 ‰) of the hydrothermal fluid in the main Fe stage of skarn formation imply that this fluid was magmatic water derived from differentiated granitic melts. At this prograde stage, carbon and oxygen isotope data of skarn calcites show that XCO2 was low (<0.1), and temperature was relatively constant (350-450°C). Later, during the retrograde skarn and vein stages, the hydrous silicates, scheelite and polymetallic sulfides were formed from the less saline, lower-temperature ore-forming fluids. This low-temperature environment (from 340°C down to 135°C) related to Zn-Pb-Ag mineralization was inferred not only from the oxygen isotope ratios of siderite, but also from the fluid inclusion data of later quartz-siderite veins. This temperature drop reflects an important change in the hydrology of the hydrothermal system at this vein stage (i.e., mixing with meteoric water).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601-606
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Geochemical Exploration
Volume78-79
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 May 1

Fingerprint

Oxygen Isotopes
skarn
Isotopes
stable isotope
Deposits
Carbon Isotopes
oxygen isotope ratio
Fluids
Calcium Carbonate
Carbonates
siderite
Silicates
Temperature
scheelite
Quartz
ore-forming fluid
Water
carbon isotope ratio
Hydrology
carbonatite

Keywords

  • Fluid evolution
  • Skarn
  • Stable isotope
  • Ulsan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economic Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Stable isotope systematics of Ulsan Fe-W skarn deposit, Korea. / Choi, Seon-Gyu; Kim, S. T.; Lee, J. G.

In: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, Vol. 78-79, 01.05.2003, p. 601-606.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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