Halide perovskites, promising top-cell materials for efficient Si tandem solar cells, suffer from halide segregation, which results from the halide mixing necessary for achieving band-gap widening. We report pure-iodide wide-band-gap perovskite top cells that are fundamentally free of halide segregation. Cs and dimethylammonium cations were incorporated simultaneously into the A-site of perovskite structure to increase the band gap while maintaining the tolerance factor. However, the incorporation of dual cations resulted in the simultaneous formation of orthorhombic and hexagonal secondary phases rather than forming the pure perovskite phase, owing to the different precipitation kinetics between cations. We demonstrated that this strategy can only be implemented by the phase-controlled nucleation of the Cs-rich composition that governs the desired phase evolution. The pure-iodide perovskite top cell exhibited excellent photo-stability (1% degradation after 1,000 h of continuous operation; ISOS-L-1I, white LED), and its Si tandem exhibited a high conversion efficiency of 29.4% (28.37% certified).
- crystallization kinetics/thermodynamics
- perovskite/Si tandem
- pure-iodide wide-band-gap perovskite
- tolerance factor control
ASJC Scopus subject areas