Stem cell transplantation for Huntington's diseases

Kyung Ah Choi, Yeonho Choi, Sunghoi Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Therapeutic approaches based on stem cells have received considerable attention as potential treatments for Huntington's disease (HD), which is a fatal, inherited neurodegenerative disorder, caused by progressive loss of GABAergic medium spiny neurons (MSNs) in the striatum of the forebrain. Transplantation of stem cells or their derivatives in animal models of HD, efficiently improved functions by replacing the damaged or lost neurons. In particular, neural stem cells (NSCs) for HD treatments have been developed from various sources, such as the brain itself, the pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), and the somatic cells of the HD patients. However, the brain-derived NSCs are difficult to obtain, and the PSCs have to be differentiated into a population of the desired neuronal cells that may cause a risk of tumor formation after transplantation. In contrast, induced NSCs, derived from somatic cells as a new stem cell source for transplantation, are less likely to form tumors. Given that the stem cell transplantation strategy for treatment of HD, as a genetic disease, is to replace the dysfunctional or lost neurons, the correction of mutant genes containing the expanded CAG repeats is essential. In this review, we will describe the methods for obtaining the optimal NSCs for transplantation-based HD treatment and the differentiation conditions for the functional GABAergic MSNs as therapeutic cells. Also, we will discuss the valuable gene correction of the disease stem cells by the CRISPR/Cas9 system for HD treatment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMethods
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017

Keywords

  • Gene correction
  • Huntington's disease
  • Induced neural stem cells
  • Stem cell-based therapies
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Stem cell transplantation for Huntington's diseases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this