Stimulatory effects of histamine on migration of nasal fibroblasts

Sung Moon Hong, Il Ho Park, Ji Young Um, Jae Min Shin, Heung Man Lee

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Fibroblast migration is crucial for normal wound repair after sinonasal surgery. Histamine is known to be involved in wound healing by its effects on cell proliferation and migration. This study aimed to determine whether histamine affects the migration of nasal fibroblasts and to investigate the mechanism of action of histamine on nasal fibroblasts. Methods: Primary cultures of nasal fibroblasts were established from inferior turbinate samples. Fibroblast migration was evaluated with scratch assays. Cells were treated with histamine and/or histamine receptor-selective antagonists. U-73122 and pertussis toxin, which are selective inhibitors of the lower signaling pathway of H1R and H4R, were used to confirm the modulation of nasal fibroblast migration by histamine. Fibroblast cytoskeletal structures were visualized with immunocytochemistry. Results: Histamine significantly stimulated the migration of nasal fibroblasts. Antagonists selective for HR1 and HR4 significantly reduced nasal fibroblast migration. In immunocytochemical staining, histamine treatment increased membrane ruffling and pyrilamine, diphenhydramine, fexofenadine, and JNJ7777120 decreased histamine-induced membrane ruffling. U-73122 and pertussis toxin also decreased histamine-induced migration of fibroblasts. Histamine maintains its stimulatory effects on fibroblast migration in the presence of mitomycin C, which blocks proliferation of cells. Conclusion: We showed that histamine stimulates fibroblast migration in nasal fibroblasts. This effect appeared to be mediated by HR1 and HR4. However, because fibroblast migration also can be involved in scaring and fibrosis, more research is necessary to determine the effects of antihistamine on wound healing after sinus surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)923-928
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Forum of Allergy and Rhinology
Volume5
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 1

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Keywords

  • Histamine
  • Histamine receptor
  • Migration
  • Nasal fibroblast
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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