Stormwater runoff reduction simulation model for urban flood restoration in coastal area

Kihwan Song, Min Kim, Han Min Kang, Eun Kyung Ham, Junsung Noh, Jong Seong Khim, Jinhyung Chon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Urban floods caused by expanding impervious areas due to urban development and short-term heavy precipitation adversely affect many coastal cities. Notably, Seoul, one of the coastal cities that experiences acute urban floods, suffers annually from urban floods during the rainfall season. Consequently, to mitigate the impacts of urban floods in Seoul, we established flood-vulnerable areas as target areas where green infrastructure planning was applied using the Stormwater Runoff Reduction Module (SRRM). We selected the Gangdong, Gangbuk, and Dobong districts in Seoul, Korea, all of which demonstrate high flood vulnerability. Analyses in reducing the runoff amount and peak time delay effect were estimated by model simulation using the SRRM. The reduction in peak discharge for the whole area occurred in the following order: Gangdong district, then Gangbuk district, and lastly Dobong district. In contrast, the reduction in peak discharge per unit area was most prominent in Gangbuk district, followed by Dobong and Gangdong districts. However, the delay effect was almost identical in all target areas. Based on the simulation results in this study, we planned green infrastructure, including green roofs, infiltration storage facilities, and porous pavement. We believe that the results of this study can significantly enhance the efficiency of urban flood restoration and green infrastructure planning in coastal cities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2509-2526
Number of pages18
JournalNatural Hazards
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec


  • Flood vulnerability
  • Green infrastructure
  • Peak discharge
  • System dynamics
  • Urban flood restoration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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