Strain Engineering of Low-Dimensional Materials for Emerging Quantum Phenomena and Functionalities

Jin Myung Kim, Md Farhadul Haque, Ezekiel Y. Hsieh, Shahriar Muhammad Nahid, Ishrat Zarin, Kwang Yong Jeong, Jae Pil So, Hong Gyu Park, Sung Woo Nam

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent discoveries of exotic physical phenomena, such as unconventional superconductivity in magic-angle twisted bilayer graphene, dissipationless Dirac fermions in topological insulators, and quantum spin liquids, have triggered tremendous interest in quantum materials. The macroscopic revelation of quantum mechanical effects in quantum materials is associated with strong electron–electron correlations in the lattice, particularly where materials have reduced dimensionality. Owing to the strong correlations and confined geometry, altering atomic spacing and crystal symmetry via strain has emerged as an effective and versatile pathway for perturbing the subtle equilibrium of quantum states. This review highlights recent advances in strain-tunable quantum phenomena and functionalities, with particular focus on low-dimensional quantum materials. Experimental strategies for strain engineering are first discussed in terms of heterogeneity and elastic reconfigurability of strain distribution. The nontrivial quantum properties of several strain-quantum coupled platforms, including 2D van der Waals materials and heterostructures, topological insulators, superconducting oxides, and metal halide perovskites, are next outlined, with current challenges and future opportunities in quantum straintronics followed. Overall, strain engineering of quantum phenomena and functionalities is a rich field for fundamental research of many-body interactions and holds substantial promise for next-generation electronics capable of ultrafast, dissipationless, and secure information processing and communications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Materials
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • 2D materials
  • quantum materials
  • strain engineering
  • topological materials
  • twisted heterostructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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