Strengthening mechanism and electrochemical characterization of ZrO2 nanoparticles in Nickel-Aluminum alloy for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells

Domenico Frattini, Grazia Accardo, Angelo Moreno, Sung Pil Yoon, Jonghee Han, SukWoo Nam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work the positive effect of zirconia nanoparticles in Nickel-Aluminum anodes is investigated. Results showed that, as the zirconia content increases, bending strength and creep resistance are improved. Mechanical strength increases from 5.94 to 11.38kgf cm-2 and creep is reduced up to 3.31%. Morphology and microstructural analysis revealed that nanoparticles adhere strongly on the surface of larger metal particles and microstructure is strengthened at grain level. The diffusion of Aluminum atoms into different vacancies reduces dislocations movement. A part these mechanisms, charge and mass transfer resistance are lower and the internal resistance after 500h at 650°C is 0.24mΩcm2.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC)
Nickel alloys
Aluminum
Zirconia
Aluminum alloys
Nanoparticles
Creep resistance
Nickel
Dislocations (crystals)
Bending strength
Vacancies
Strength of materials
Charge transfer
Anodes
Creep
Mass transfer
Metals
Atoms
Microstructure
zirconium oxide

Keywords

  • Anode
  • Creep
  • MCFC
  • Nanoparticle
  • Zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Strengthening mechanism and electrochemical characterization of ZrO2 nanoparticles in Nickel-Aluminum alloy for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells. / Frattini, Domenico; Accardo, Grazia; Moreno, Angelo; Yoon, Sung Pil; Han, Jonghee; Nam, SukWoo.

In: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Frattini, Domenico

AU - Accardo, Grazia

AU - Moreno, Angelo

AU - Yoon, Sung Pil

AU - Han, Jonghee

AU - Nam, SukWoo

PY - 2017

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N2 - In this work the positive effect of zirconia nanoparticles in Nickel-Aluminum anodes is investigated. Results showed that, as the zirconia content increases, bending strength and creep resistance are improved. Mechanical strength increases from 5.94 to 11.38kgf cm-2 and creep is reduced up to 3.31%. Morphology and microstructural analysis revealed that nanoparticles adhere strongly on the surface of larger metal particles and microstructure is strengthened at grain level. The diffusion of Aluminum atoms into different vacancies reduces dislocations movement. A part these mechanisms, charge and mass transfer resistance are lower and the internal resistance after 500h at 650°C is 0.24mΩcm2.

AB - In this work the positive effect of zirconia nanoparticles in Nickel-Aluminum anodes is investigated. Results showed that, as the zirconia content increases, bending strength and creep resistance are improved. Mechanical strength increases from 5.94 to 11.38kgf cm-2 and creep is reduced up to 3.31%. Morphology and microstructural analysis revealed that nanoparticles adhere strongly on the surface of larger metal particles and microstructure is strengthened at grain level. The diffusion of Aluminum atoms into different vacancies reduces dislocations movement. A part these mechanisms, charge and mass transfer resistance are lower and the internal resistance after 500h at 650°C is 0.24mΩcm2.

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