Structural and dielectric properties of B2O3/Li2O-added Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 multilayer ceramics for tunable devices

Woong Hee Lee, Mir Im, Boo Hyun Choi, Sang Hyo Kweon, Sora Jo, Mohan Sanghadasa, Sahn Nahm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


B2O3 and Li2O (B/L)-added Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 (BST) ceramics sintered at 940 °C exhibited a dense microstructure with large grains. The amount of B/L additive was 4.5 wt% with a B/L ratio of 1.5:1. The B/L-related liquid phase assisted the densification of the BST ceramics. This BST ceramic displayed a large dielectric constant (εr) of 2834 with a low dielectric loss (tan δ) of 0.21% at 1.0 MHz. It also displayed a large tunability (28.2% at 10 kV/cm) and a high figure of merit (FOM) of 134. BST thick-films were synthesized using the tape casting method. The thick-film densified at 940 °C exhibited a large tunability of 18.7% at 10.0 kV/cm and an FOM of 208; these are higher than the values reported in the literature. Multilayer ceramics (MLCs) consisting of five layers of 40-μm-thick BST thick-films and Ag electrodes were also fabricated at 940 °C. No diffusion occurred between the Ag electrode and BST thick-film. A large tunability of 67.6% at 52 kV/cm with a high FOM of 294 was obtained from this MLC. This verified that the B/L-added BST ceramic is effective for application in tunable multilayer devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2640-2647
Number of pages8
JournalCeramics International
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb 15


  • BaSrTiO
  • Low temperature co-fired ceramic
  • Multilayer ceramics
  • Tape casting
  • Tunable device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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