Structural and functional insights into the B30.2/SPRY domain

Jae Sung Woo, Joon Hyuk Imm, Chang Ki Min, Kyung Jin Kim, Sun Shin Cha, Byung Ha Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

119 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The B30.2/SPRY domain is present in ∼700 eukaryotic (∼150 human) proteins, including medically important proteins such as TRIM5α and Pyrin. Nonetheless, the functional role of this modular domain remained unclear. Here, we report the crystal structure of an SPRY-SOCS box family protein GUSTAVUS in complex with Elongins B and C, revealing a highly distorted two-layered β-sandwich core structure of its B30.2/SPRY domain. Ensuing studies identified one end of the β-sandwich as the surface interacting with an RNA helicase VASA with a 40 nM dissociation constant. The sequence variation in TRIM5α responsible for HIV-1 restriction and most of the mutations in Pyrin causing familial Mediterranean fever map on this surface, implicating the corresponding region in many B30.2/SPRY domains as the ligand-binding site. The amino acids lining the binding surface are highly variable among the B30.2/SPRY domains, suggesting that these domains are protein-interacting modules, which recognize a specific individual partner protein rather than a consensus sequence motif.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1353-1363
Number of pages11
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Mar 22
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • B30.2/SPRY
  • GUSTAVUS
  • Pyrin
  • Structure
  • TRIM5alpha

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

Woo, J. S., Imm, J. H., Min, C. K., Kim, K. J., Cha, S. S., & Oh, B. H. (2006). Structural and functional insights into the B30.2/SPRY domain. EMBO Journal, 25(6), 1353-1363. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.emboj.7600994