Methionine sulphoxide reductases (Msr) catalyse the reduction of oxidized methionine to methionine. These enzymes are divided into two classes, MsrA and MsrB, according to substrate specificity. Although most MsrA and MsrB exist as separate enzymes, in some bacteria these two enzymes are fused to form a single polypeptide (MsrAB). Here, we report the first crystal structure of MsrAB from Streptococcus pneumoniae (SpMsrAB) at 2.4 Å resolution. SpMsrAB consists of an N-terminal MsrA domain, a C-terminal MsrB domain and a linker. The linker is composed of 13 residues and contains one 310-helix and several hydrogen bonds interacting with both MsrA and MsrB domains. Interestingly, our structure includes the MsrB domain complexed with an SHMAEI hexa-peptide that is the N-terminal region of neighbouring MsrA domain. A kinetic analysis showed that the apparent Km of SpMsrAB for the R-form-substrate was 20-fold lower than that for the S-form substrate, indicating that the MsrB domain had a much higher affinity for the substrate than the MsrA domain. Our study reveals the first structure of the MsrAB by providing insights into the formation of a disulphide bridge in the MsrB, the structure of the linker region, and the distinct structural nature of active site of each MsrA and MsrB domain.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology