Structural behavior of alternative low floor height system using structural "tee," half precast concrete, and horizontal stud

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Conventional composite construction consisting of steel beams and concrete slabs has been widely used throughout the world. When compared with a concrete flat-slab structure, however, the reduced beam height is a significant problem and is particularly important in a city where land prices are higher because a height reduction of 15 cm per storey can lead to a 750 cm reduction in the total height for a 50 storey building (equivalent to two storeys). In this paper a newly developed composite beam, the technical, economical, and convenient (TEC) beam, is proposed and experimentally investigated using a series of monotonic loading tests. The results show that the capacity of the proposed system is in agreement with design code predictions, and the system demonstrates a reliable composite behavior between steel beam and concrete slab.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-338
Number of pages10
JournalCanadian Journal of Civil Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Apr 1



  • Composite beam
  • Flexural capacity
  • Monotonic loading
  • Steel structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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