Structural performance of ultra-high-performance concrete beams with different steel fibers

Doo Yeol Yoo, Young Soo Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

107 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, ten large ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) beams reinforced with steel rebars were fabricated and tested. The experimental parameters included reinforcement ratio and steel fiber type. Two different reinforcement ratios (ρ= 0.94% and 1.50%) and steel fiber types (smooth and twisted steel fibers) were adopted. In addition, three different fiber lengths (L<inf>f</inf>= 13, 19.5, and 30 mm) for the smooth steel fibers and one fiber length (L<inf>f</inf>= 30 mm) for the twisted steel fiber were considered. For a control specimen, a UHPC matrix without fiber was also considered. Test results indicated that the addition of steel fibers significantly improved the load carrying capacity, post-cracking stiffness, and cracking response, but it decreased the ductility. Specifically, with the inclusion of 2% by volume of steel fibers, approximately 27-54% higher load carrying capacity and 13-73% lower ductility were obtained. In addition, an increase in the length of smooth steel fibers and the use of twisted steel fibers led to the improvements of post-peak response and ductility, whereas no noticeable difference in the load carrying capacity, post-cracking stiffness, and cracking response were obtained according to the fiber length and type. Sectional analysis incorporating the suggested material models was also performed based on AFGC/SETRA recommendations, and the ratios of flexural capacities obtained from experiments and numerical analyses ranged from 0.91 to 1.19.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5743
Pages (from-to)409-423
Number of pages15
JournalEngineering Structures
Volume102
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 1

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High performance concrete
Steel fibers
Load limits
Ductility
Fibers
Reinforcement
Stiffness
Steel

Keywords

  • Ductility
  • Fiber orientation
  • Flexure
  • Sectional analysis
  • Steel fiber
  • Ultra-high-performance concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Structural performance of ultra-high-performance concrete beams with different steel fibers. / Yoo, Doo Yeol; Yoon, Young Soo.

In: Engineering Structures, Vol. 102, 5743, 01.11.2015, p. 409-423.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "In this study, ten large ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) beams reinforced with steel rebars were fabricated and tested. The experimental parameters included reinforcement ratio and steel fiber type. Two different reinforcement ratios (ρ= 0.94{\%} and 1.50{\%}) and steel fiber types (smooth and twisted steel fibers) were adopted. In addition, three different fiber lengths (Lf= 13, 19.5, and 30 mm) for the smooth steel fibers and one fiber length (Lf= 30 mm) for the twisted steel fiber were considered. For a control specimen, a UHPC matrix without fiber was also considered. Test results indicated that the addition of steel fibers significantly improved the load carrying capacity, post-cracking stiffness, and cracking response, but it decreased the ductility. Specifically, with the inclusion of 2{\%} by volume of steel fibers, approximately 27-54{\%} higher load carrying capacity and 13-73{\%} lower ductility were obtained. In addition, an increase in the length of smooth steel fibers and the use of twisted steel fibers led to the improvements of post-peak response and ductility, whereas no noticeable difference in the load carrying capacity, post-cracking stiffness, and cracking response were obtained according to the fiber length and type. Sectional analysis incorporating the suggested material models was also performed based on AFGC/SETRA recommendations, and the ratios of flexural capacities obtained from experiments and numerical analyses ranged from 0.91 to 1.19.",
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