Substrate water content influences the flowering of doritaenopsis Queen Beer ‘mantefon’

Yong Ha Rhie, Seonghwan Kang, Jongyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A Automated irrigation systems based on soil moisture sensor measurements can reduce water and fertilizer use while adequately meeting plant water requirements. In this study, the effects of substrate volumetric water content (θ, v/v) on the flowering of 17- month-old Doritaenopsis Queen Beer ‘Mantefon’ (from the time of deflasking) were examined. The plants were transplanted in plastic pots (10.5 cm width × 9.5 cm height) filled with sphagnum moss and the u of sphagnum moss was maintained at 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, or 0.5 m3·m–3 using an automated drip irrigation system. Plants grown at a u threshold of 0.2 m3·m–3 had thinner leaves and lower SPAD value than those grown at higher u thresholds. The net CO2 uptake of the uppermost fully expanded leaf increased with increasing θ between 0.2 and 0.4m3·m–3, but there was no significant difference in the net CO2 uptake between plants grown at 0.4 and 0.5 m3·m–3 thresholds. The number of flower buds at the time of the first open flower was lower in plants grown at u thresholds of 0.2 and 0.3 m3·m–3 as compared with that in the plants grown at 0.4 and 0.5 m3·m–3 thresholds. Early flower abscission, flower bud dropping, and flower senescence during the 2 weeks after flowering occurred in 55% and 30% of the plants at 0.2 and 0.3 m3·m–3 thresholds, respectively, whereas plants at θ thresholds of 0.4 and 0.5 m3·m–3 had negligible flower abscission. Although vegetative growth parameters were similar among θ thresholds of 0.3 m3·m–3 or higher, plants grown at a θ threshold of 0.3 m3·m–3 produced fewer flowers than those grown at 0.4 and 0.5 m3·m–3 thresholds. During the 83-day experimental period, the systemirrigated the plants ≈0.79, 1.93, 2.46, and 2.84 L/pot at θ thresholds of 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, and 0.5 m3·m–3, respectively. Overall, 0.4 m3·m–3 was considered to be an optimal threshold θ level for producing high-quality Doritaenopsis Queen Beer ‘Mantefon’ during the flowering period with most efficient water use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1823-1828
Number of pages6
JournalHortScience
Volume52
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1

Fingerprint

beers
flowering
water content
flowers
Sphagnum
abscission
irrigation systems
mosses and liverworts
buds
uptake mechanisms
water requirement
microirrigation
vegetative growth
leaves
plastics
water
soil water
fertilizers

Keywords

  • Automated irrigation
  • Capacitance sensor
  • Crassulacean acid metabolism
  • Drought
  • Sphagnum moss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Substrate water content influences the flowering of doritaenopsis Queen Beer ‘mantefon’. / Rhie, Yong Ha; Kang, Seonghwan; Kim, Jongyun.

In: HortScience, Vol. 52, No. 12, 01.12.2017, p. 1823-1828.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rhie, Yong Ha ; Kang, Seonghwan ; Kim, Jongyun. / Substrate water content influences the flowering of doritaenopsis Queen Beer ‘mantefon’. In: HortScience. 2017 ; Vol. 52, No. 12. pp. 1823-1828.
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