Sulfate adsorption properties of acid-sensitive soils in the Athabasca oil sands region in Alberta, Canada

Kangho Jung, Yong Sik Ok, Scott X. Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The risk of soil acidification is high in the Athabasca oil sands region (AOSR) in Alberta, Canada, due to elevated SO2 emission and the resultant acid deposition to sensitive, coarse-textured soils. Understanding the sulfate adsorption characteristics of soils sensitive to acidification will help establish critical loads of acid deposition in AOSR. Sulfate adsorption properties were evaluated and relationships between sulfate adsorption and soil properties were examined for soils in two contrasting watersheds (NE7 and SM8) in AOSR. The experimental data fitted well to both the Langmuir and the Freundlich models. The sulfate adsorption capacity was greater for soils in SM8 than in NE7 (p<0.01), even though it was relatively low in both watersheds as compared to other acid-sensitive soils in eastern North America. Based on the additional sulfate adsorbed when a soil was treated with 40mL of 200mg SO42- L-1 solution, the weakly developed Podzolic B horizon (Bfj)in NE7 could adsorb more sulfate than the Ae horizon while no difference was found among other horizons. In SM8, the Bfj and illuviated B (Bt) horizons had greater ability to adsorb sulfate than the other horizons, likely caused by the presence of muscovite in the Bfj and Bt horizons. The additional sulfate adsorbed accounted for about 80% of the total sulfate adsorption capacity and was correlated with pHNaF (soil pH extracted with 1 MNaF) and ΔpHNaF(the difference between pHNaF and pH measured with deionized water), with the following relationships: sulfate adsorption (mg SO42- kg-1)=exp(2.03 pHNaF - 18.0)+50.2 (R2=0.63, p<0.001) and sulfate adsorption (mg SO42- kg-1)=exp(1.83 ΔpHNaF - 6.57) + 48.9 (R2=0.70, p<0.001). The ΔpHNaF was likely a better indicator of the soil's sulfate adsorption capacity than pHNaF as the former excludes the effect of soil acidity. Our study indicates that the soil's capacity to adsorb sulfate should be considered in determining the critical load for acid deposition in AOSR in Alberta.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-463
Number of pages7
JournalChemosphere
Volume84
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Alberta
Oil sands
oil sand
Sulfates
Adsorption
Canada
Oils
Soil
sulfate
adsorption
Soils
Acids
acid
soil
acid deposition
critical load
Acidification
Watersheds
watershed
Deionized water

Keywords

  • Acid deposition
  • Freundlich
  • Langmuir
  • Oil sands
  • Soil acidification
  • Sulfate adsorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Sulfate adsorption properties of acid-sensitive soils in the Athabasca oil sands region in Alberta, Canada. / Jung, Kangho; Ok, Yong Sik; Chang, Scott X.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 84, No. 4, 01.07.2011, p. 457-463.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The risk of soil acidification is high in the Athabasca oil sands region (AOSR) in Alberta, Canada, due to elevated SO2 emission and the resultant acid deposition to sensitive, coarse-textured soils. Understanding the sulfate adsorption characteristics of soils sensitive to acidification will help establish critical loads of acid deposition in AOSR. Sulfate adsorption properties were evaluated and relationships between sulfate adsorption and soil properties were examined for soils in two contrasting watersheds (NE7 and SM8) in AOSR. The experimental data fitted well to both the Langmuir and the Freundlich models. The sulfate adsorption capacity was greater for soils in SM8 than in NE7 (p<0.01), even though it was relatively low in both watersheds as compared to other acid-sensitive soils in eastern North America. Based on the additional sulfate adsorbed when a soil was treated with 40mL of 200mg SO42- L-1 solution, the weakly developed Podzolic B horizon (Bfj)in NE7 could adsorb more sulfate than the Ae horizon while no difference was found among other horizons. In SM8, the Bfj and illuviated B (Bt) horizons had greater ability to adsorb sulfate than the other horizons, likely caused by the presence of muscovite in the Bfj and Bt horizons. The additional sulfate adsorbed accounted for about 80{\%} of the total sulfate adsorption capacity and was correlated with pHNaF (soil pH extracted with 1 MNaF) and ΔpHNaF(the difference between pHNaF and pH measured with deionized water), with the following relationships: sulfate adsorption (mg SO42- kg-1)=exp(2.03 pHNaF - 18.0)+50.2 (R2=0.63, p<0.001) and sulfate adsorption (mg SO42- kg-1)=exp(1.83 ΔpHNaF - 6.57) + 48.9 (R2=0.70, p<0.001). The ΔpHNaF was likely a better indicator of the soil's sulfate adsorption capacity than pHNaF as the former excludes the effect of soil acidity. Our study indicates that the soil's capacity to adsorb sulfate should be considered in determining the critical load for acid deposition in AOSR in Alberta.",
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N2 - The risk of soil acidification is high in the Athabasca oil sands region (AOSR) in Alberta, Canada, due to elevated SO2 emission and the resultant acid deposition to sensitive, coarse-textured soils. Understanding the sulfate adsorption characteristics of soils sensitive to acidification will help establish critical loads of acid deposition in AOSR. Sulfate adsorption properties were evaluated and relationships between sulfate adsorption and soil properties were examined for soils in two contrasting watersheds (NE7 and SM8) in AOSR. The experimental data fitted well to both the Langmuir and the Freundlich models. The sulfate adsorption capacity was greater for soils in SM8 than in NE7 (p<0.01), even though it was relatively low in both watersheds as compared to other acid-sensitive soils in eastern North America. Based on the additional sulfate adsorbed when a soil was treated with 40mL of 200mg SO42- L-1 solution, the weakly developed Podzolic B horizon (Bfj)in NE7 could adsorb more sulfate than the Ae horizon while no difference was found among other horizons. In SM8, the Bfj and illuviated B (Bt) horizons had greater ability to adsorb sulfate than the other horizons, likely caused by the presence of muscovite in the Bfj and Bt horizons. The additional sulfate adsorbed accounted for about 80% of the total sulfate adsorption capacity and was correlated with pHNaF (soil pH extracted with 1 MNaF) and ΔpHNaF(the difference between pHNaF and pH measured with deionized water), with the following relationships: sulfate adsorption (mg SO42- kg-1)=exp(2.03 pHNaF - 18.0)+50.2 (R2=0.63, p<0.001) and sulfate adsorption (mg SO42- kg-1)=exp(1.83 ΔpHNaF - 6.57) + 48.9 (R2=0.70, p<0.001). The ΔpHNaF was likely a better indicator of the soil's sulfate adsorption capacity than pHNaF as the former excludes the effect of soil acidity. Our study indicates that the soil's capacity to adsorb sulfate should be considered in determining the critical load for acid deposition in AOSR in Alberta.

AB - The risk of soil acidification is high in the Athabasca oil sands region (AOSR) in Alberta, Canada, due to elevated SO2 emission and the resultant acid deposition to sensitive, coarse-textured soils. Understanding the sulfate adsorption characteristics of soils sensitive to acidification will help establish critical loads of acid deposition in AOSR. Sulfate adsorption properties were evaluated and relationships between sulfate adsorption and soil properties were examined for soils in two contrasting watersheds (NE7 and SM8) in AOSR. The experimental data fitted well to both the Langmuir and the Freundlich models. The sulfate adsorption capacity was greater for soils in SM8 than in NE7 (p<0.01), even though it was relatively low in both watersheds as compared to other acid-sensitive soils in eastern North America. Based on the additional sulfate adsorbed when a soil was treated with 40mL of 200mg SO42- L-1 solution, the weakly developed Podzolic B horizon (Bfj)in NE7 could adsorb more sulfate than the Ae horizon while no difference was found among other horizons. In SM8, the Bfj and illuviated B (Bt) horizons had greater ability to adsorb sulfate than the other horizons, likely caused by the presence of muscovite in the Bfj and Bt horizons. The additional sulfate adsorbed accounted for about 80% of the total sulfate adsorption capacity and was correlated with pHNaF (soil pH extracted with 1 MNaF) and ΔpHNaF(the difference between pHNaF and pH measured with deionized water), with the following relationships: sulfate adsorption (mg SO42- kg-1)=exp(2.03 pHNaF - 18.0)+50.2 (R2=0.63, p<0.001) and sulfate adsorption (mg SO42- kg-1)=exp(1.83 ΔpHNaF - 6.57) + 48.9 (R2=0.70, p<0.001). The ΔpHNaF was likely a better indicator of the soil's sulfate adsorption capacity than pHNaF as the former excludes the effect of soil acidity. Our study indicates that the soil's capacity to adsorb sulfate should be considered in determining the critical load for acid deposition in AOSR in Alberta.

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