We have employed proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy in order to study the low-temperature water dynamics in a water-soaked perfluorosulfonic acid ionomer Nafion (NR-211) film. According to the recent models, Nafion may comprise water strongly bound to the sulfonic acid group, hydration water, and condensed water species. In this work, three separate NMR peaks from the water species revealing distinct behaviors were identified. A significant portion of the ”bound” water remained unfrozen down to 200 K, whereas a slow-to-fast motional limit transition was observed at TM=220 K from the relaxation measurements.
- A. Water-soaked Nafion film
- D. Non-freezing water dynamics
- E. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry