Supercritical-phase-assisted highly selective and active catalytic hydrodechlorination of the ozone-depleting refrigerant CHClF2

Jeong Myeong Ha, Daewoo Kim, Jaehoon Kim, Seok Ki Kim, Byoung Sung Ahn, Jeong Won Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Catalysis in the supercritical fluids has been interested because of its high activity, high selectivity along with an easy purification of its products. Not using frequently-used supercritical inert solvents such as carbon dioxide and light hydrocarbons but using a supercritical mixture of reactants, we demonstrate highly active and highly selective catalytic hydrodechlorination of the ozone-depleting refrigerant CHClF2 (HCFC-22) to the ozone-inert CH2F2 (HFC-32). Performing catalysis using a continuous-flow reactor with 66wt.% Ni on silica-alumina, 5wt.% Pd on γ-alumina and 5wt.% Pd on activated carbon catalysts, we observe 95.9% conversion of HCFC-22 and 88.6% selectivity to hydrodechlorinated HFC-32 (which corresponds to 85.0% HFC-32 yield) over fully hydrogenated methane at 400°C and 100bar, which is the highest HFC-32 yield ever reported. The effects of the supercritical fluid on the improved catalytic activity and selectivity are discussed by characterizing spent catalysts using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Because of the beneficial properties of the supercritical fluid in catalysis, the deactivation of the Pd on activated carbon catalyst by the existence of catalyst-poisoning palladium carbide (PdCx) and F/Cl compounds is minimized, which can increase the catalytic activity. In addition, the faster desorption of HFC-32 by the negligible mass transfer barrier may increase the selectivity to HFC-32 and inhibit the further conversion to the fully hydrogenated methane. The highly active and highly selective catalytic hydrodechlorination in supercritical condition can benefit new chemical processes that reduce the unwanted byproducts, resulting in high productivity of the desired chemicals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-355
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume213
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 1

Fingerprint

hydrofluorocarbon
Supercritical fluids
Ozone
Refrigerants
Catalysis
Aluminum Oxide
ozone
Methane
Activated carbon
Catalysts
Catalyst activity
catalysis
Alumina
catalyst
Catalyst poisoning
hydrochlorofluorocarbon
Catalyst selectivity
Palladium
Hydrocarbons
Carbon Dioxide

Keywords

  • Catalysis
  • HCFC-22
  • HFC-32
  • Hydrodechlorination
  • Supercritical fluid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Supercritical-phase-assisted highly selective and active catalytic hydrodechlorination of the ozone-depleting refrigerant CHClF2 . / Ha, Jeong Myeong; Kim, Daewoo; Kim, Jaehoon; Kim, Seok Ki; Ahn, Byoung Sung; Kang, Jeong Won.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 213, 01.12.2012, p. 346-355.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ha, Jeong Myeong ; Kim, Daewoo ; Kim, Jaehoon ; Kim, Seok Ki ; Ahn, Byoung Sung ; Kang, Jeong Won. / Supercritical-phase-assisted highly selective and active catalytic hydrodechlorination of the ozone-depleting refrigerant CHClF2 In: Chemical Engineering Journal. 2012 ; Vol. 213. pp. 346-355.
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AB - Catalysis in the supercritical fluids has been interested because of its high activity, high selectivity along with an easy purification of its products. Not using frequently-used supercritical inert solvents such as carbon dioxide and light hydrocarbons but using a supercritical mixture of reactants, we demonstrate highly active and highly selective catalytic hydrodechlorination of the ozone-depleting refrigerant CHClF2 (HCFC-22) to the ozone-inert CH2F2 (HFC-32). Performing catalysis using a continuous-flow reactor with 66wt.% Ni on silica-alumina, 5wt.% Pd on γ-alumina and 5wt.% Pd on activated carbon catalysts, we observe 95.9% conversion of HCFC-22 and 88.6% selectivity to hydrodechlorinated HFC-32 (which corresponds to 85.0% HFC-32 yield) over fully hydrogenated methane at 400°C and 100bar, which is the highest HFC-32 yield ever reported. The effects of the supercritical fluid on the improved catalytic activity and selectivity are discussed by characterizing spent catalysts using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Because of the beneficial properties of the supercritical fluid in catalysis, the deactivation of the Pd on activated carbon catalyst by the existence of catalyst-poisoning palladium carbide (PdCx) and F/Cl compounds is minimized, which can increase the catalytic activity. In addition, the faster desorption of HFC-32 by the negligible mass transfer barrier may increase the selectivity to HFC-32 and inhibit the further conversion to the fully hydrogenated methane. The highly active and highly selective catalytic hydrodechlorination in supercritical condition can benefit new chemical processes that reduce the unwanted byproducts, resulting in high productivity of the desired chemicals.

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