Superior Additive of Exfoliated RuO2 Nanosheet for Optimizing the Electrode Performance of Metal Oxide over Graphene

Seul Lee, Xiaoyan Jin, In Young Kim, Tae Ha Gu, Ji Won Choi, Sahn Nahm, Seong Ju Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An effective way to optimize the electrode performance of metal oxide was developed by employing exfoliated 2D RuO2 nanosheet as a conducting additive. The exfoliated RuO2 nanosheet was easily incorporated into the Li-MnO2 nanocomposite via a simple mixing of exfoliated RuO2 and MnO2 nanosheets, followed by the restacking with Li+ ions. The incorporation of RuO2 nanosheet was found to be quite effective in increasing the surface area of the restacked Li-MnO2 nanocomposite. The obtained heterolayered Li-MnO2-RuO2 nanocomposites delivered much greater specific capacitances than do the pristine Li-MnO2 and Li-RuO2 nanocomposites. Considering the fact that the RuO2 nanosheet has higher electrode activity than the MnO2 nanosheet, the greater specific capacitance of Li-MnO2-RuO2 nanocomposite than that of Li-RuO2 strongly suggests that the incorporation of a small amount of RuO2 nanosheet into the restacked Li-MnO2 nanocomposite induces a synergistic improvement in its electrode activity. Of prime importance is that the Li-MnO2-RuO2 nanocomposites showed somewhat better electrode performances than the reduced graphene oxide (rG-O)-incorporated Li-MnO2-rG-O homologues, attributable to more efficient charge transport and pore structure upon RuO2 incorporation. The hydrophilic RuO2 nanosheet is more effective in making a stronger chemical interaction with hydrophilic MnO2 and also in depressing the self-aggregation of nanosheets compared to hydrophobic rG-O nanosheet. The present study clearly demonstrates that the RuO2 nanosheet can be used as a better additive for improving the electrode performance of metal oxides compared with widely used rG-O.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11786-11796
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume120
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 9

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Nanosheets
Oxides
Graphene
metal oxides
nanocomposites
graphene
Metals
Electrodes
electrodes
Nanocomposites
oxides
capacitance
Capacitance
porosity
Pore structure
conduction
Charge transfer
Agglomeration
Ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Superior Additive of Exfoliated RuO2 Nanosheet for Optimizing the Electrode Performance of Metal Oxide over Graphene. / Lee, Seul; Jin, Xiaoyan; Kim, In Young; Gu, Tae Ha; Choi, Ji Won; Nahm, Sahn; Hwang, Seong Ju.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 120, No. 22, 09.06.2016, p. 11786-11796.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Seul ; Jin, Xiaoyan ; Kim, In Young ; Gu, Tae Ha ; Choi, Ji Won ; Nahm, Sahn ; Hwang, Seong Ju. / Superior Additive of Exfoliated RuO2 Nanosheet for Optimizing the Electrode Performance of Metal Oxide over Graphene. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2016 ; Vol. 120, No. 22. pp. 11786-11796.
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