Superior lithium-ion storage properties of mesoporous CuO-reduced graphene oxide composite powder prepared by a two-step spray-drying process

Gi Dae Park, Yun Chan Kang

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mesoporous CuO-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composite powders were prepared by using a two-step spray-drying process. In the first step, hollow CuO powders were prepared from a spray solution of copper nitrate trihydrate with citric acid and were wet milled to obtain a colloidal spray solution. In the second step, spray drying of the colloidal solution that contained dispersed GO nanosheets produced mesoporous CuO-rGO composite powders with particle sizes of several microns. Thermal reduction of GO nanosheets to rGO nanosheets occurred during post-treatment at 300° C. Initial discharge capacities of the hollow CuO, bare CuO aggregate, and CuO-rGO composite powders at a current density of 2 A g-1 were 838, 1145, and 1238 mA h g-1, respectively. Their discharge capacities after 200 cycles were 259, 380, and 676 mA h g-1, respectively, and their corresponding capacity retentions measured from the second cycle were 67, 48, and 76 %, respectively. The mesoporous CuO-rGO composite powders have high structural stability and high conductivity because of the rGO nanosheets, and display good cycling and rate performances. Composite charms: Mesoporous CuO-reduced graphene oxide (CuO-rGO) composite powders were prepared by using a two-step spray-drying process (see figure). The mesoporous CuO-rGO composite powders showed superior electrochemical properties compared with those of the hollow CuO and bare CuO aggregate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9179-9184
Number of pages6
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume21
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 1

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Spray drying
Graphite
Lithium
Powders
Oxides
Ions
Nanosheets
Composite materials
Electrochemical properties
Particle Size
Citric Acid
Nitrates
Copper
Current density
Hot Temperature
Particle size

Keywords

  • energy conversion
  • energy storage materials
  • nanostructures
  • spray drying
  • synthesis design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Superior lithium-ion storage properties of mesoporous CuO-reduced graphene oxide composite powder prepared by a two-step spray-drying process",
abstract = "Mesoporous CuO-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composite powders were prepared by using a two-step spray-drying process. In the first step, hollow CuO powders were prepared from a spray solution of copper nitrate trihydrate with citric acid and were wet milled to obtain a colloidal spray solution. In the second step, spray drying of the colloidal solution that contained dispersed GO nanosheets produced mesoporous CuO-rGO composite powders with particle sizes of several microns. Thermal reduction of GO nanosheets to rGO nanosheets occurred during post-treatment at 300° C. Initial discharge capacities of the hollow CuO, bare CuO aggregate, and CuO-rGO composite powders at a current density of 2 A g-1 were 838, 1145, and 1238 mA h g-1, respectively. Their discharge capacities after 200 cycles were 259, 380, and 676 mA h g-1, respectively, and their corresponding capacity retentions measured from the second cycle were 67, 48, and 76 {\%}, respectively. The mesoporous CuO-rGO composite powders have high structural stability and high conductivity because of the rGO nanosheets, and display good cycling and rate performances. Composite charms: Mesoporous CuO-reduced graphene oxide (CuO-rGO) composite powders were prepared by using a two-step spray-drying process (see figure). The mesoporous CuO-rGO composite powders showed superior electrochemical properties compared with those of the hollow CuO and bare CuO aggregate.",
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N2 - Mesoporous CuO-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composite powders were prepared by using a two-step spray-drying process. In the first step, hollow CuO powders were prepared from a spray solution of copper nitrate trihydrate with citric acid and were wet milled to obtain a colloidal spray solution. In the second step, spray drying of the colloidal solution that contained dispersed GO nanosheets produced mesoporous CuO-rGO composite powders with particle sizes of several microns. Thermal reduction of GO nanosheets to rGO nanosheets occurred during post-treatment at 300° C. Initial discharge capacities of the hollow CuO, bare CuO aggregate, and CuO-rGO composite powders at a current density of 2 A g-1 were 838, 1145, and 1238 mA h g-1, respectively. Their discharge capacities after 200 cycles were 259, 380, and 676 mA h g-1, respectively, and their corresponding capacity retentions measured from the second cycle were 67, 48, and 76 %, respectively. The mesoporous CuO-rGO composite powders have high structural stability and high conductivity because of the rGO nanosheets, and display good cycling and rate performances. Composite charms: Mesoporous CuO-reduced graphene oxide (CuO-rGO) composite powders were prepared by using a two-step spray-drying process (see figure). The mesoporous CuO-rGO composite powders showed superior electrochemical properties compared with those of the hollow CuO and bare CuO aggregate.

AB - Mesoporous CuO-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composite powders were prepared by using a two-step spray-drying process. In the first step, hollow CuO powders were prepared from a spray solution of copper nitrate trihydrate with citric acid and were wet milled to obtain a colloidal spray solution. In the second step, spray drying of the colloidal solution that contained dispersed GO nanosheets produced mesoporous CuO-rGO composite powders with particle sizes of several microns. Thermal reduction of GO nanosheets to rGO nanosheets occurred during post-treatment at 300° C. Initial discharge capacities of the hollow CuO, bare CuO aggregate, and CuO-rGO composite powders at a current density of 2 A g-1 were 838, 1145, and 1238 mA h g-1, respectively. Their discharge capacities after 200 cycles were 259, 380, and 676 mA h g-1, respectively, and their corresponding capacity retentions measured from the second cycle were 67, 48, and 76 %, respectively. The mesoporous CuO-rGO composite powders have high structural stability and high conductivity because of the rGO nanosheets, and display good cycling and rate performances. Composite charms: Mesoporous CuO-reduced graphene oxide (CuO-rGO) composite powders were prepared by using a two-step spray-drying process (see figure). The mesoporous CuO-rGO composite powders showed superior electrochemical properties compared with those of the hollow CuO and bare CuO aggregate.

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