Suppression and enhancement of van der Waals interactions

Minhaeng Cho, Robert J. Silbey

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The van der Waals interaction of a pair of anisotropic molecules near planar dielectric surfaces is studied by using the linear response formalism. The spatial correlation function (Green function) of the vacuum electric field in the presence of dielectric surfaces is obtained by using suitable Fresnel mode functions of the quantized electric field. In the short-distance limit, it is observed that the long-range interaction potential is significantly modified by the dielectric surfaces and strongly depends on the geometry of the two molecules near dielectric surfaces. When the two molecules are anisotropic, depending on the molecular alignments with respect to the surfaces, the van der Waals interaction is enhanced or suppressed by the existence of the surfaces. When the two molecules are in between two dielectric surfaces, the overall magnitude of the van der Waals interaction is suppressed in comparison to that in the free space because the vacuum electromagnetic field intensity is reduced by the transmissivities that are generally less than unity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8730-8741
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume104
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jun 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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