A variety of anti-inflammatory agents have been shown to exert chemopreventive activity via targeting of transcription factors such as NF-κB and AP-1. Lithospermum erythrorhizon (LE) has long been used in traditional oriental medicine. In this study, we demonstrated the inhibitory effects of LE extracts on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated production of inflammatory cytokines. As an underlying mechanism of inhibition, LE extracts reduced LPS-induced transactivation of AP-1 as well as NF-κB in mouse macrophage cells. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays indicated that LE extracts inhibited the DNA binding activities of AP-1 and NF-κB. In addition, phosphorylation of IκB-α protein was suppressed by LE extracts. Moreover, LE extracts inhibited c-Jun N-terminal kinase and extracellular signal-regulated signaling pathways. Our results suggest that the anti-inflammatory activity of LE extracts may be mediated by the inhibition of signal transduction pathways that normally lead to the activation of AP-1and NF-κB. These inhibitory effects may be useful for chemoprevention of cancer or other chronic inflammatory diseases.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2008 Apr|
- Lithospermum erythrorhizon
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology