Surface and interface states of Bi2Se3 thin films investigated by optical second-harmonic generation and terahertz emission

S. Y. Hamh, S. H. Park, S. K. Jerng, J. H. Jeon, S. H. Chun, J. H. Jeon, Se-Jong Kahng, K. Yu, E. J. Choi, S. Kim, S. H. Choi, N. Bansal, S. Oh, Joonbum Park, Byung Woo Kho, Jun Sung Kim, J. S. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the surface and interface states of Bi2Se3 thin films by using the second-harmonic generation technique. Distinct from the surface of bulk crystals, the film surface and interface show the isotropic azimuth dependence of second-harmonic intensity, which is attributed to the formation of randomly oriented domains on the in-plane. Based on the nonlinear susceptibility deduced from the model fitting, we determine that the surface band bending induced in a space charge region occurs more strongly at the film interface facing the Al2O3 substrate or capping layer compared with the interface facing the air. We demonstrate that distinct behavior of the terahertz electric field emitted from the samples can provide further information about the surface electronic state of Bi2Se3.

Original languageEnglish
Article number051609
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume108
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Surface and interface states of Bi<sub>2</sub>Se<sub>3</sub> thin films investigated by optical second-harmonic generation and terahertz emission'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Hamh, S. Y., Park, S. H., Jerng, S. K., Jeon, J. H., Chun, S. H., Jeon, J. H., Kahng, S-J., Yu, K., Choi, E. J., Kim, S., Choi, S. H., Bansal, N., Oh, S., Park, J., Kho, B. W., Kim, J. S., & Lee, J. S. (2016). Surface and interface states of Bi2Se3 thin films investigated by optical second-harmonic generation and terahertz emission. Applied Physics Letters, 108(5), [051609]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4941420