Surface immobilization of chlorhexidine on a reverse osmosis membrane for in-situ biofouling control

Taek Seung Kim, Sang Hee Park, Daeseon Park, Jung-hyun Lee, Seoktae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biofouling on a thin film composite (TFC) membrane is one of the most serious obstacles during the operation of reverse osmosis (RO) processes. In this study, chlorhexidine (CH) was immobilized as a novel non-oxidizing chemical on a RO membrane surface with glutaraldehyde (GA) as a cross-linking agent. The analysis of the membrane surface showed that CH was successfully immobilized with a molecular layer-by-layer technique seen by the increase of Cl and methylene peaks from the XPS and FT-IR, respectively. From the static biofilm growth tests using drip-flow cells, CH immobilized membranes exhibited a high anti-bacterial potential, and the CH bi-layered (CHBL) membrane showed a better anti-biofouling ability than that of the CH mono-layered (CHML) membrane due to the complete coverage of CH on the RO membrane surface. The retardation of biofilm formation and the higher physical cleaning efficiency of the CHML and CHBL membranes were introduced by direct inactivation of the attached bacteria as well as a decreased secretion of biofilm building materials such as exocellular polymeric substances (EPS).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-25
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 15

Fingerprint

Biofouling
Osmosis
reverse osmosis
Osmosis membranes
Chlorhexidine
Reverse osmosis
immobilization
Immobilization
membranes
Membranes
Biofilms
biofilms
Composite membranes
Glutaral
methylidyne
Cleaning
Bacteria
Immobilized Cells
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
secretions

Keywords

  • Biofilm inhibitor
  • Biofouling
  • Chlorhexidine
  • Glutaraldehyde
  • Surface immobilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

Surface immobilization of chlorhexidine on a reverse osmosis membrane for in-situ biofouling control. / Kim, Taek Seung; Park, Sang Hee; Park, Daeseon; Lee, Jung-hyun; Kang, Seoktae.

In: Journal of Membrane Science, 15.04.2019, p. 17-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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