Hydrogen provides a safe and clean alternative to carbon-based fuels. Having the proper catalytic support for production of hydrogen is a valuable technology. We report on the surface modification of hydroxyapatite as a novel catalytic support material for hydrogen generation. Aside from being inexpensive and durable, we reveal that Ru ion exchange on the HAP surface provides a highly active support for sodium borohydride hydrolysis, exemplifying a high total turnover number on the order of 24,000mol H2/mol Ru. Moreover, we observe that the RuHAP support exhibits a long catalytic lifetime of approximately 1month upon repeated exposure to NaBH4 solutions. We identified the ability of complex surface morphology to enhance hydrolysis by the catalytic transition metal covered surface. Particularly, we found that the complex morphology of polycrystalline RuHAP catalytic supports exhibits shorter induction times for hydrogen generation as well as improved reaction rates as compared with single crystal supports possessing the same Ru content. By decreasing induction time and enhancing catalytic activity, we find it feasible to further explore this catalyst support in the construction of a practical hydrogen generation system.
- Hydrogen generation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry