Surgical treatment of renal cell carcinoma: Can morphological features of inferior vena cava tumor thrombus on computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging be a prognostic factor?

the Korean Renal Cancer Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the impact of morphological features of inferior vena cava thrombus on the overall survival and cancer-specific survival (cancer-specific survival of patients with renal cell carcinoma). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 156 renal cell carcinoma patients with inferior vena cava thrombus who underwent radical nephrectomy and thrombectomy from 1998 to 2013 at five tertiary centers. Inferior vena cava thrombi were classified as spherical (type I) and spiculated (type II) according to morphological features on computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Multivariate cox regression models were used to quantify the impact of prognostic factors on overall survival and cancer-specific survival. Results: Type I was found in 29 patients (18.6%), and type II in 127 patients (81.4%). Median follow up was 38.2 months (interquartile range 12–57). Demographic characteristics were not significantly different, except for the cranial thrombus height (P = 0.003). On multivariate analysis, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance score, clinical tumor size, distant metastasis, histologic subtype, thrombus morphology and remnant venous thrombus significantly affected overall survival in pNanyMany patients (all P < 0.05). Among the pNO/XMO patients, clinical tumor size, histologic subtype, thrombus morphology and remnant venous thrombus significantly affected overall survival (all P < 0.05). In terms of cancer-specific survival, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance score, clinical tumor size, distant metastasis, histologic subtype and thrombus morphology significantly affected cancer-specific survival in pNanyMany patients (all P < 0.05). In patients with pNO/XMO, body mass index, clinical tumor size, histological subtype, thrombus morphology and remnant venous thrombus significantly affected cancer-specific survival (all P < 0.05). Conclusion: Clinical tumor size, histological subtype, and thrombus morphology are independent predictors of overall survival and cancer-specific survival in renal cell carcinoma patients with inferior vena cava thrombus. These factors might be helpful for the surgeon's determination to improve therapeutic efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-109
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Urology
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1

Keywords

  • carcinoma
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • nephrectomy
  • renal cell
  • thrombectomy
  • tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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