Sustainability of industrial building SSMR through experimental and analytical study under wind uplift load

Hyok Chu Choi, Koochul Ji, Kyungrok Kwon, Jung Sik Kong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Standing Seam Metal Roofs (SSMRs) are widely used in the construction of industrial buildings, and their structural characteristics are rapidly being changed in order to improve the parameters of heat insulation and waterproofness. However, newly employed SSMRs did not account for a potential structural instability under strong winds by considering the multi-function of SSMRs. In this study, three different types of new SSMRs were chosen as specimens and were used in fullscale experiments, which were performed using the cyclic wind uplift method based on ASTM E1592 regulations. In contrast to a previous study in which the ultimate failure of the roof under wind pressure corresponded to seam line failure due to panel deflection, in this study, the experimental results show that seam separation was induced by a mid-clip rupture. It is verified that the behavior of the mid-clip plays a significant role in the overall performance of SSMRs under wind uplift loading. The objectives of this study were to (i) understand the structural performance and failure mode of new SSMRs under wind uplift pressure, as this condition is closest to reality, and to (ii) quantify the structural sustainability, which can be applied to risk-management practices through the established performance evaluation. It is expected that the present research results may provide future directions for improving the test standards, design guidelines, and risk-management practices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13815
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 1


  • Failure wind speed
  • Full-scale experiment
  • Industrial building
  • Standing seam metal roof
  • Uniform uplift test
  • Wind forces

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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