Background: Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is a useful biotechnological tool for transgenic animal production using genetically modified somatic cells (GMSCs). However, there are several limitations preventing successful transgenic animal generation by SCNT, such as obtaining proper somatic donor cells with a sufficiently long life span and proliferative capacity for generating GMSCs. Here, we established simian virus 40 large T antigen (SV40LT)-mediated lifespan-extended canine fibroblast cells (SV40LT-K9 cells) and evaluated their potential as nuclei donors for SCNT, based on cellular integrity and SCNT embryo development. Results: SV40LT did not cause canine cell transformation, based on cell morphology and proliferation rate. No anchorage-independent growth in vitro and tumorigenicity in vivo were observed. After SCNT with SV40LT-K9 cells, embryos were transferred into surrogate dogs. All dogs failed to become pregnant. Most embryos did not proceed past the 8-cell stage and only one surrogate showed an implantation trace in its oviduct, indicating that the cells rarely developed into blastocysts. Because of the absence of an in vitro maturation method for canine embryos, we performed identical experiments using porcine fibroblast cells. Similarly, SV40LT did not transform porcine fibroblast cells (SV40LT-Pig cells). During in vitro development of SV40LT-Pig cell-driven SCNT embryos, their blastocyst formation rate was clearly lower than those of normal cells. Karyotyping analysis revealed that both SV40LT-K9 and SV40LT-Pig cells had aberrant chromosomal statuses. Conclusions: Although lifespan-extended canine and porcine cells via SV40LT exhibit no apparent transforming changes, they are inappropriate for use as nuclei donors for SCNT because of their aneuploidy.
- Canine fibroblast
- Porcine fibroblast
- Simian virus 40 large T antigen
- Somatic cell nuclear transfer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)