Synergistic Effect of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Ladder-Type Conjugated Polymers on the Performance of N-Type Organic Electrochemical Transistors

Silan Zhang, Matteo Massetti, Tero Petri Ruoko, Deyu Tu, Chi Yuan Yang, Xianjie Liu, Ziang Wu, Yoonjoo Lee, Renee Kroon, Per O.Å. Persson, Han Young Woo, Magnus Berggren, Christian Müller, Mats Fahlman, Simone Fabiano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs) have the potential to revolutionize the field of organic bioelectronics. To date, most of the reported OECTs include p-type (semi-)conducting polymers as the channel material, while n-type OECTs are yet at an early stage of development, with the best performing electron-transporting materials still suffering from low transconductance, low electron mobility, and slow response time. Here, the high electrical conductivity of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and the large volumetric capacitance of the ladder-type π-conjugated redox polymer poly(benzimidazobenzophenanthroline) (BBL) are leveraged to develop n-type OECTs with record-high performance. It is demonstrated that the use of MWCNTs enhances the electron mobility by more than one order of magnitude, yielding fast transistor transient response (down to 15 ms) and high μC* (electron mobility × volumetric capacitance) of about 1 F cm−1 V−1 s−1. This enables the development of complementary inverters with a voltage gain of >16 and a large worst-case noise margin at a supply voltage of <0.6 V, while consuming less than 1 µW of power.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2106447
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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