Synthesis and characterization of uniform hollow TiO2 nanofibers using electrospun fibrous cellulosic templates for lithium-ion battery electrodes

Seung Ik Oh, Jae Chan Kim, Mushtaq Ahmad Dar, Dong-Wan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Owing to its low structural strain and non-toxicity, TiO2 has gained immense attention as a safe electrode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). In this study, we fabricated nanoscale fibrous cellulosic templates via electrospinning. These templates were then used to fabricate one-dimensional hollow TiO2 electrodes by the sol-gel method and subsequent calcination at various temperatures. The TiO2 hollow nanofibers (HNFs) were composed of tiny (5 nm) anatase TiO2 nanoparticles. The nanofibers maintained this particle size and the anatase phase at the calcination temperature up to 400 °C. The optimized TiO2 HNFs, when used as the LIB anodes, exhibited a high reversible specific capacity of 152 mA h g−1 at a current density of 185 mA g−1 and 81% cyclic retention at the 100th cycle. These excellent electrochemical properties of the nanofibers can be attributed to their optimized phase and unique hollow nanostructure with large surface area, which provided them an efficient electrode/electrolyte contact area and faster ion/electron diffusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-489
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep 5

Keywords

  • Anatase TiO
  • Cellulosic templates
  • Electrospinning
  • Hollow nanofibers
  • Lithium-ion batteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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