Synthesis and electrochemical properties of spherical and hollow-structured NiO aggregates created by combining the Kirkendall effect and Ostwald ripening

Jung Sang Cho, Jong Min Won, Jong Heun Lee, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Kirkendall effect and Ostwald ripening were successfully combined to prepare uniquely structured NiO aggregates. In particular, a NiO-C composite powder was first prepared using a one-pot spray pyrolysis, which was followed by a two-step post-treatment process. This resulted in the formation of micron-sized spherical and hollow-structured NiO aggregates through a synergetic effect that occurred between nanoscale Kirkendall diffusion and Ostwald ripening. The discharge capacity of the spherical and hollow-structured NiO aggregates at the 500th cycle was 1118 mA h g-1 and their capacity retention, which was measured from the second cycle, was nearly 100%. However, the discharge capacities of the solid NiO aggregates and hollow NiO shells were 631 and 150 mA h g-1, respectively, at the 500th cycle and their capacity retentions, which were measured from the second cycle, were 63 and 14%, respectively. As such, the spherical and hollow-structured NiO aggregates, which were formed through the synergetic effect of nanoscale Kirkendall diffusion and Ostwald ripening, have high structural stability during cycling and have excellent lithium storage properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19620-19626
Number of pages7
JournalNanoscale
Volume7
Issue number46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 14

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Ostwald ripening
Electrochemical properties
Spray pyrolysis
Lithium
Powders
Composite materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Synthesis and electrochemical properties of spherical and hollow-structured NiO aggregates created by combining the Kirkendall effect and Ostwald ripening. / Cho, Jung Sang; Won, Jong Min; Lee, Jong Heun; Kang, Yun Chan.

In: Nanoscale, Vol. 7, No. 46, 14.12.2015, p. 19620-19626.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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