The Kirkendall effect and Ostwald ripening were successfully combined to prepare uniquely structured NiO aggregates. In particular, a NiO-C composite powder was first prepared using a one-pot spray pyrolysis, which was followed by a two-step post-treatment process. This resulted in the formation of micron-sized spherical and hollow-structured NiO aggregates through a synergetic effect that occurred between nanoscale Kirkendall diffusion and Ostwald ripening. The discharge capacity of the spherical and hollow-structured NiO aggregates at the 500th cycle was 1118 mA h g-1 and their capacity retention, which was measured from the second cycle, was nearly 100%. However, the discharge capacities of the solid NiO aggregates and hollow NiO shells were 631 and 150 mA h g-1, respectively, at the 500th cycle and their capacity retentions, which were measured from the second cycle, were 63 and 14%, respectively. As such, the spherical and hollow-structured NiO aggregates, which were formed through the synergetic effect of nanoscale Kirkendall diffusion and Ostwald ripening, have high structural stability during cycling and have excellent lithium storage properties.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)