Synthesis of Fe doped ZnO nanowire arrays that detect formaldehyde gas

Yoo Sang Jeon, Hyo Won Seo, Su Hyo Kim, Young-geun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Owing to their chemical and thermal stability and doping effects on providing electrons to the conduction band, doped ZnO nanowires have generated interest for use in electronic devices. Here we report hydrothermally grown Fe-doped ZnO nanowires and their gas-sensing properties. The synthesized nanowires have a high crystallinity and are 60 nm in diameter and 1.7 μm in length. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) are employed to understand the doping effects on the microstructures and gas sensing properties. When the Fe-doped ZnO nanowire arrays were evaluated for gas sensing, responses were recorded through changes in temperature and gas concentration. Gas sensors consisting of ZnO nanowires doped with 3∼5 at.% Fe showed optimum formaldehyde (HCHO) sensing performance at each working temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4814-4819
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 1

Keywords

  • Fe doping
  • Formaldehyde detection
  • Hydrothermal method
  • ZnO nanowire arrays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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