Synthesis of hierarchical structured Fe2O3 rod clusters with numerous empty nanovoids: Via the Kirkendall effect and their electrochemical properties for lithium-ion storage

Seung Keun Park, Jae Hun Choi, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Kirkendall effect has been widely applied to prepare hollow/porous metal-oxide-based composites. We propose a new mechanism for the transformation of hierarchical structured metal selenides into their corresponding metal oxides with unique structures via the Kirkendall effect. Based on this mechanism, hierarchical structured iron oxide clusters comprising one-dimensional nanorods with numerous empty nanovoids were successfully prepared. FeSe2 rod clusters synthesized by a one-pot hydrothermal process were post-treated under an air atmosphere. During the oxidation process, FeSe2@FeOx-Se@Fe2O3 and FeOx-Se@Fe2O3 intermediates are formed owing to the different diffusion rates of iron cations, the selenium component, and oxygen gas. As the oxidation proceeded, elimination by evaporation of the SeO2 layer formed by the reaction of the diffused-out metalloid Se and oxygen gas and oxidation of FeOx resulted in porous Fe2O3 nanorods with numerous interconnected empty nanovoids. When employed as a lithium-ion battery anode, hierarchical Fe2O3 rod clusters exhibited high reversible discharge capacity, good cycling stability, and excellent rate performance. Following 200 cycles, their discharge capacity is 1318 mA h g-1 at a current density of 1 A g-1. Additionally, the rod clusters delivered a discharge capacity of 745 mA h g-1 at a high current density of 10 A g-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8462-8469
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume6
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

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Electrochemical properties
Lithium
Metals
Ions
Nanorods
Oxidation
Oxides
Current density
Gases
Metalloids
Oxygen
Selenium
Iron oxides
Cations
Anodes
Evaporation
Iron
Positive ions
Composite materials
Air

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "The Kirkendall effect has been widely applied to prepare hollow/porous metal-oxide-based composites. We propose a new mechanism for the transformation of hierarchical structured metal selenides into their corresponding metal oxides with unique structures via the Kirkendall effect. Based on this mechanism, hierarchical structured iron oxide clusters comprising one-dimensional nanorods with numerous empty nanovoids were successfully prepared. FeSe2 rod clusters synthesized by a one-pot hydrothermal process were post-treated under an air atmosphere. During the oxidation process, FeSe2@FeOx-Se@Fe2O3 and FeOx-Se@Fe2O3 intermediates are formed owing to the different diffusion rates of iron cations, the selenium component, and oxygen gas. As the oxidation proceeded, elimination by evaporation of the SeO2 layer formed by the reaction of the diffused-out metalloid Se and oxygen gas and oxidation of FeOx resulted in porous Fe2O3 nanorods with numerous interconnected empty nanovoids. When employed as a lithium-ion battery anode, hierarchical Fe2O3 rod clusters exhibited high reversible discharge capacity, good cycling stability, and excellent rate performance. Following 200 cycles, their discharge capacity is 1318 mA h g-1 at a current density of 1 A g-1. Additionally, the rod clusters delivered a discharge capacity of 745 mA h g-1 at a high current density of 10 A g-1.",
author = "Park, {Seung Keun} and Choi, {Jae Hun} and Kang, {Yun Chan}",
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