Synthesis of lithium titanium oxide (Li4Ti5O12) with ultrathin carbon layer using supercritical fluids for anode materials in lithium batteries

Seung Ah Hong, Sue Bin Lee, Oh Sim Joo, Jeong Won Kang, Byung Won Cho, Jong Sung Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lithium titanium oxide (LTO: Li4Ti5O12) particles were produced via a continuous supercritical fluid process for use as anodes in lithium ion batteries. The synthesized LTO particles in supercritical water (scH2O) or in supercritical methanol (scMeOH) generate nanoparticles of 10–30 nm sizes, and the modified LTO particles using oleylamine in scMeOH affects the inhibition of particle growth. The modified LTO particle was coated by the usage of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) and polyethylene glycol (PEG-400). The conformal coverage of the carbon layer on LTO particles with a thickness of 1.2 nm, and a uniform distribution of carbon on the entire surface of LTO particles are confirmed. The modified and carbon-coated LTO with a carbon content of 5.3 wt% exhibits a high discharge capacity of 175 mAh/g (which approaches the theoretical value of LTO) at 0.1 C and 83 mAh/g at 50 C. The carbon-coated LTO prepared using supercritical fluids delivered 160, 153, 123 mAh/g at 1 C and 60 °C, room temperature, and −25 °C, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6220-6234
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume51
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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