Synthesis of plasmonic Ag@SnO<inf>2</inf> core-shell nanoreactors for xylene detection

Prabhakar Rai, Sanjit Manohar Majhi, Yeon Tae Yu, Jong Heun Lee

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29 Citations (Scopus)


Ag@SnO<inf>2</inf> core-shell nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by a microwave-assisted hydrothermal method. The Ag NPs were synthesized by colloidal method and their size (10-24 nm) was controlled by the amount of reducing and stabilizing agents added. The size of Ag NPs was increased and subsequently their surface plasmon (SP) band was red-shifted with increasing reducing agent amount. A SnO<inf>2</inf> NP shell was deposited on Ag NPs by microwave-assisted hydrothermal method. The size of Ag@SnO<inf>2</inf> core-shell NPs was within 50 nm in diameter, which was composed of 15-18 nm Ag NPs and a 10-15 nm SnO<inf>2</inf> shell. The SP band of Ag NPs was red-shifted with SnO<inf>2</inf> shell formation. Ag@SnO<inf>2</inf> core-shell NPs showed higher response to p-xylene as compared to other interfering gases (NO<inf>2</inf>, HCHO, CO and H<inf>2</inf>). The maximum response of Ag@SnO<inf>2</inf> core-shell NPs to 5 ppm p-xylene was 16.17, whereas the maximum response of bare SnO<inf>2</inf> was 10.79 to 5 ppm H<inf>2</inf>. The response of Ag@SnO<inf>2</inf> core-shell NPs to 5 ppm p-xylene was approximately 7 times higher than that of bare SnO<inf>2</inf> NPs. The improved gas sensing performance of Ag@SnO<inf>2</inf> core-shell NPs was attributed to the electronic as well as catalytic activity of Ag NPs. It was proposed that the selective detection of p-xylene was attributed to the effective inwards diffusion of p-xylene through SnO<inf>2</inf> shells and their subsequent dissociation into smaller and more active species by Ag NP catalysts on the inner part of the SnO<inf>2</inf> shell. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17653-17659
Number of pages7
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2015


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

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