TCP performance enhancement by implicit priority forwarding (IPF) packet buffering scheme for mobile IP based networks

Young Sup Roh, Kyeong Hur, Doo Seop Eom, Yeonwoo Lee, Kyun Hyon Tchah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The smooth handoff supported by the route optimization extension to the mobile IP standard protocol should support a packet buffering mechanism at the base station (BS), in order to reduce the degradation in TCP performance caused by packet losses within mobile network environments. The purpose of packet buffering at the BS is to recover the packets dropped during inter-subnetwork handoff by forwarding the packets buffered at the previous BS to the new BS. However, when the mobile host moves to a congested BS within a new foreign subnetwork, the buffered packets forwarded by the previous BS are likely to be dropped. This subsequently causes global synchronization to occur, resulting in the degradation of the wireless link in the congested BS, due to the increased congestion caused by the forwarded burst packets. Thus, in this paper, we propose an implicit priority forwarding (IPF) packet buffering scheme as a solution to this problem within mobile IP based networks. In the proposed IPF method, the previous BS implicitly marks the priority packets being used for inter-subnetwork handoff. Moreover, the proposed modified random early detection (M-RED) buffer at the new congested BS guarantees some degree of reliability to the priority packets. The simulation results show that the proposed IPF packet buffering scheme increases the wireless link utilization and, thus, it enhances the TCP throughput performance in the context of various inter-subnetwork handoff cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-376
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Communications and Networks
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Sept


  • Implicit priority forwarding
  • Mobile IP
  • Packet buffering
  • Route optimization extension
  • Wireless link utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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