Temporally-constrained group sparse learning for longitudinal data analysis

Daoqiang Zhang, Jun Liu, Dinggang Shen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

21 Citations (Scopus)


Sparse learning has recently received increasing attentions in neuroimaging research such as brain disease diagnosis and progression. Most existing studies focus on cross-sectional analysis, i.e., learning a sparse model based on single time-point of data. However, in some brain imaging applications, multiple time-points of data are often available, thus longitudinal analysis can be performed to better uncover the underlying disease progression patterns. In this paper, we propose a novel temporally-constrained group sparse learning method aiming for longitudinal analysis with multiple time-points of data. Specifically, for each time-point, we train a sparse linear regression model by using the imaging data and the corresponding responses, and further use the group regularization to group the weights corresponding to the same brain region across different time-points together. Moreover, to reflect the smooth changes between adjacent time-points of data, we also include two smoothness regularization terms into the objective function, i.e., one fused smoothness term which requires the differences between two successive weight vectors from adjacent time-points should be small, and another output smoothness term which requires the differences between outputs of two successive models from adjacent time-points should also be small. We develop an efficient algorithm to solve the new objective function with both group-sparsity and smoothness regularizations. We validate our method through estimation of clinical cognitive scores using imaging data at multiple time-points which are available in the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) database.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI2012 - 15th International Conference, Proceedings
EditorsNicholas Ayache, Herve Delingette, Polina Golland, Kensaku Mori
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9783642334535
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event15th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2012 - Nice, France
Duration: 2012 Oct 12012 Oct 5

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume7512 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference15th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)


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