Teratoma presenting as an unilateral mediastinal mass with contralateral pleural effusion

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Abstract

A teratoma is the most common benign germ cell tumor that develops in the mediastinum. Patients with a mediastinal teratoma are usually asymptomatic. However, a spontaneous rupture of a mediastinal teratoma into the pleural cavity or adjacent organs can cause severe chest pain, hemoptysis, acute dyspnea, etc. Complications such as recurrent pneumonia, pericardial effusion, pleural effusion and great vessel invasion can sometimes occur. We encountered a case of a patient with an abrupt onset of dyspnea after persistent shoulder pain for one month. The X-ray examinations revealed a unilateral mediastinal mass with contralateral pleural effusion. Subsequent evaluations confirmed a spontaneous rupture of the teratoma into the contralateral pleural cavity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-352
Number of pages6
JournalTuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Volume60
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Teratoma
Pleural Effusion
Pleural Cavity
Spontaneous Rupture
Dyspnea
Shoulder Pain
Pericardial Effusion
Hemoptysis
Germ Cell and Embryonal Neoplasms
Mediastinum
Chest Pain
Pneumonia
X-Rays

Keywords

  • Mediastinal neoplasms
  • Teratoma pleural effusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Teratoma presenting as an unilateral mediastinal mass with contralateral pleural effusion",
abstract = "A teratoma is the most common benign germ cell tumor that develops in the mediastinum. Patients with a mediastinal teratoma are usually asymptomatic. However, a spontaneous rupture of a mediastinal teratoma into the pleural cavity or adjacent organs can cause severe chest pain, hemoptysis, acute dyspnea, etc. Complications such as recurrent pneumonia, pericardial effusion, pleural effusion and great vessel invasion can sometimes occur. We encountered a case of a patient with an abrupt onset of dyspnea after persistent shoulder pain for one month. The X-ray examinations revealed a unilateral mediastinal mass with contralateral pleural effusion. Subsequent evaluations confirmed a spontaneous rupture of the teratoma into the contralateral pleural cavity.",
keywords = "Mediastinal neoplasms, Teratoma pleural effusion",
author = "Ha, {Eun Sil} and Hur, {Gyu Young} and Jung, {Ki Hwan} and Lee, {Sung Yong} and Won-Min Jo and Lee, {Sang Yeub} and Kim, {Je Hyeong} and Lee, {Eung Seok} and Chol Shin and Shim, {Jae Jeong} and In, {Kwang Ho} and Kang, {Kyung Ho} and Yoo, {Se Hwa}",
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pages = "347--352",
journal = "Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Teratoma presenting as an unilateral mediastinal mass with contralateral pleural effusion

AU - Ha, Eun Sil

AU - Hur, Gyu Young

AU - Jung, Ki Hwan

AU - Lee, Sung Yong

AU - Jo, Won-Min

AU - Lee, Sang Yeub

AU - Kim, Je Hyeong

AU - Lee, Eung Seok

AU - Shin, Chol

AU - Shim, Jae Jeong

AU - In, Kwang Ho

AU - Kang, Kyung Ho

AU - Yoo, Se Hwa

PY - 2006/3/1

Y1 - 2006/3/1

N2 - A teratoma is the most common benign germ cell tumor that develops in the mediastinum. Patients with a mediastinal teratoma are usually asymptomatic. However, a spontaneous rupture of a mediastinal teratoma into the pleural cavity or adjacent organs can cause severe chest pain, hemoptysis, acute dyspnea, etc. Complications such as recurrent pneumonia, pericardial effusion, pleural effusion and great vessel invasion can sometimes occur. We encountered a case of a patient with an abrupt onset of dyspnea after persistent shoulder pain for one month. The X-ray examinations revealed a unilateral mediastinal mass with contralateral pleural effusion. Subsequent evaluations confirmed a spontaneous rupture of the teratoma into the contralateral pleural cavity.

AB - A teratoma is the most common benign germ cell tumor that develops in the mediastinum. Patients with a mediastinal teratoma are usually asymptomatic. However, a spontaneous rupture of a mediastinal teratoma into the pleural cavity or adjacent organs can cause severe chest pain, hemoptysis, acute dyspnea, etc. Complications such as recurrent pneumonia, pericardial effusion, pleural effusion and great vessel invasion can sometimes occur. We encountered a case of a patient with an abrupt onset of dyspnea after persistent shoulder pain for one month. The X-ray examinations revealed a unilateral mediastinal mass with contralateral pleural effusion. Subsequent evaluations confirmed a spontaneous rupture of the teratoma into the contralateral pleural cavity.

KW - Mediastinal neoplasms

KW - Teratoma pleural effusion

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M3 - Article

VL - 60

SP - 347

EP - 352

JO - Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases

JF - Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases

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