The annealing effects of tungsten oxide interlayer based on organic photovoltaic cells

Sang Bin Lee, Jin Ho Beak, Byung Hyun Kang, Ki Young Dong, Youn Yeol Yu, Yang Doo Lee, Byeong Kwon Ju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the effect of tungsten oxide (WO3) interlayer as a hole collection layer on the performance of organic photovoltaic cells according to the thickness and temperature of the interlayer. The characteristics of organic photovoltaic cells such as fill factor, current density, and open circuit voltage are continuously improved by increasing the temperature of the WO3 interlayer. The surface of a treated WO 3 film promotes the crystallization of P3HT because a treated WO 3 film is more hydrophobic than a pristine WO3 film. Furthermore, the energy barrier between P3HT and the WO3 interlayer is minimized since the work function of the WO3 film after annealing progressively increases until a hole can be smoothly transferred. Therefore, organic photovoltaic cells using an interlayer of treated WO3 film have higher hole mobility and better efficiency. The efficiency of an organic photovoltaic cell with a 40 nm-thick WO3 interlayer is significantly enhanced from 0.94 to 3.04% as the temperature changes from room temperature to 350 C under AM 1.5G illumination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-208
Number of pages6
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Volume117
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul 4

Fingerprint

Photovoltaic cells
Tungsten
Annealing
Oxides
Temperature
Hole mobility
Energy barriers
Open circuit voltage
Crystallization
Current density
Lighting
tungsten oxide

Keywords

  • Organic photovoltaic cell
  • Organic solar cell
  • Thermal annealing
  • Tungsten oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

The annealing effects of tungsten oxide interlayer based on organic photovoltaic cells. / Lee, Sang Bin; Ho Beak, Jin; Kang, Byung Hyun; Dong, Ki Young; Yu, Youn Yeol; Doo Lee, Yang; Ju, Byeong Kwon.

In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 117, 04.07.2013, p. 203-208.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Sang Bin ; Ho Beak, Jin ; Kang, Byung Hyun ; Dong, Ki Young ; Yu, Youn Yeol ; Doo Lee, Yang ; Ju, Byeong Kwon. / The annealing effects of tungsten oxide interlayer based on organic photovoltaic cells. In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. 2013 ; Vol. 117. pp. 203-208.
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AU - Doo Lee, Yang

AU - Ju, Byeong Kwon

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