The association of psychosocial factors and obstetric history with depression in pregnant women: Focus on the role of emotional support

Hyun Ghang Jeong, Jeung Suk Lim, Moon Soo Lee, Seung Hyun Kim, In Kwa Jung, Sook Haeng Joe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Depression during pregnancy can negatively affect both maternal and fetal health. The benefits of early detection and treatment for antenatal depression have been emphasized. Therefore, we investigated risk factors for antenatal depression with a focus on emotional support. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of pregnant women (n= 1262) enrolled from the local division of a community mental health center. All subjects completed self-report questionnaires that assessed depressive mood, emotional support and other risk factors. Associations between antenatal depression and potential risk factors including emotional support were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. Results: Antenatal depression was associated with various biopsychosocial correlates: unmarried state, low education, cigarette smoking, low income, familial history of depression, past history of depression, physical abuse history, sexual abuse history, premenstrual syndrome, primiparity and unplanned pregnancy. When the associations of emotional support with antenatal depression were specified by its resources, current emotional support from partner [odds ratio (OR)=2.26, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.94-2.64] and mother (OR=1.43, 95% CI=1.26-1.62) and past experience for emotional support from mother (OR=1.52, 95% CI=1.32-1.74), but not from father significantly influenced depression during pregnancy. Conclusions: The multidimensional biopsychosocial approach would be needed to identify and assess antenatal depression. Promoting emotional support from the partner, family member and, possibly, the health provider could be a protective effect against the development of antenatal depression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-358
Number of pages5
JournalGeneral Hospital Psychiatry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul


  • Antenatal depression
  • Emotional support
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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