The C-terminal region of ATG101 bridges ULK1 and PtdIns3K complex in autophagy initiation

Byeong Won Kim, Yunjung Jin, Jiyea Kim, Jun Hoe Kim, Juneyoung Jung, Seong Man Kang, Ick Young Kim, Joungmok Kim, Heesun Cheong, Hyun Kyu Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The initiation of macroautophagy/autophagy is tightly regulated by the upstream ULK1 kinase complex, which affects many downstream factors including the PtdIns3K complex. The phosphorylation of the right position at the right time on downstream molecules is governed by proper complex formation. One component of the ULK1 complex, ATG101, known as an accessory protein, is a stabilizer of ATG13 in cells. The WF finger region of ATG101 plays an important role in the recruitment of WIPI1 (WD repeat domain, phosphoinositide interacting protein 1) and ZFYVE1 (zinc finger FYVE-type containing 1). Here, we report that the C-terminal region identified in the structure of the human ATG101-ATG13HORMA complex is responsible for the binding of the PtdIns3K complex. This region adopts a β-strand conformation in free ATG101, but either an α-helix or random coil in our ATG101-ATG13HORMA complex, which protrudes from the core and interacts with other molecules. The C-terminal deletion of ATG101 shows a significant defect in the interaction with PtdIns3K components and subsequently impairs autophagosome formation. This result clearly presents an additional role of ATG101 for bridging the ULK1 and PtdIns3K complexes in the mammalian autophagy process. Abbreviations: ATG: autophagy related; BECN1: beclin 1; GFP: green fluorescent protein; HORMA: Hop1p/Rev7p/MAD2; HsATG13HORMA: HORMA domain of ATG13 from Homo sapiens; KO: knockout; MAD2: mitotic arrest deficient 2 like 1; MAP1LC3/LC3: microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3; PIK3C3/VPS34: phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit type 3; PIK3R4/VPS15: phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 4; PtdIns3K: phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase; RB1CC1/FIP200: RB1 inducible coiled-coil 1; SAXS: small-angle X-ray scattering; ScAtg13HORMA: HORMA domain of Atg13 from Sccharomyces cerevisiae; SEC-SAXS: size-exclusion chromatography with small-angle X-ray scattering; SpAtg13HORMA: HORMA domain of Atg13 from Schizosaccharomyces pombe; SQSTM1/p62: sequestosome 1; ULK1: unc51-like autophagy activating kinase 1; UVRAG: UV radiation resistance associated; WIPI1: WD repeat domain: phosphoinositide interacting 1; ZFYVE1/DFCP1: zinc finger FYVE-type containing 1.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAutophagy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Autophagy
Zinc Fingers
Vacuolar Sorting Protein VPS15
Phosphatidylinositols
Class III Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
Phosphotransferases
X-Rays
Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase
Microtubule-Associated Proteins
Schizosaccharomyces
Green Fluorescent Proteins
Fingers
Gel Chromatography
Proteins
Phosphorylation
Radiation
Light
WD40 Repeats

Keywords

  • ATG101
  • ATG13
  • C-terminal region
  • PtdIns3K complex
  • structure
  • ULK1 complex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

The C-terminal region of ATG101 bridges ULK1 and PtdIns3K complex in autophagy initiation. / Kim, Byeong Won; Jin, Yunjung; Kim, Jiyea; Kim, Jun Hoe; Jung, Juneyoung; Kang, Seong Man; Kim, Ick Young; Kim, Joungmok; Cheong, Heesun; Song, Hyun Kyu.

In: Autophagy, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Byeong Won ; Jin, Yunjung ; Kim, Jiyea ; Kim, Jun Hoe ; Jung, Juneyoung ; Kang, Seong Man ; Kim, Ick Young ; Kim, Joungmok ; Cheong, Heesun ; Song, Hyun Kyu. / The C-terminal region of ATG101 bridges ULK1 and PtdIns3K complex in autophagy initiation. In: Autophagy. 2018.
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T1 - The C-terminal region of ATG101 bridges ULK1 and PtdIns3K complex in autophagy initiation

AU - Kim, Byeong Won

AU - Jin, Yunjung

AU - Kim, Jiyea

AU - Kim, Jun Hoe

AU - Jung, Juneyoung

AU - Kang, Seong Man

AU - Kim, Ick Young

AU - Kim, Joungmok

AU - Cheong, Heesun

AU - Song, Hyun Kyu

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N2 - The initiation of macroautophagy/autophagy is tightly regulated by the upstream ULK1 kinase complex, which affects many downstream factors including the PtdIns3K complex. The phosphorylation of the right position at the right time on downstream molecules is governed by proper complex formation. One component of the ULK1 complex, ATG101, known as an accessory protein, is a stabilizer of ATG13 in cells. The WF finger region of ATG101 plays an important role in the recruitment of WIPI1 (WD repeat domain, phosphoinositide interacting protein 1) and ZFYVE1 (zinc finger FYVE-type containing 1). Here, we report that the C-terminal region identified in the structure of the human ATG101-ATG13HORMA complex is responsible for the binding of the PtdIns3K complex. This region adopts a β-strand conformation in free ATG101, but either an α-helix or random coil in our ATG101-ATG13HORMA complex, which protrudes from the core and interacts with other molecules. The C-terminal deletion of ATG101 shows a significant defect in the interaction with PtdIns3K components and subsequently impairs autophagosome formation. This result clearly presents an additional role of ATG101 for bridging the ULK1 and PtdIns3K complexes in the mammalian autophagy process. Abbreviations: ATG: autophagy related; BECN1: beclin 1; GFP: green fluorescent protein; HORMA: Hop1p/Rev7p/MAD2; HsATG13HORMA: HORMA domain of ATG13 from Homo sapiens; KO: knockout; MAD2: mitotic arrest deficient 2 like 1; MAP1LC3/LC3: microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3; PIK3C3/VPS34: phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit type 3; PIK3R4/VPS15: phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 4; PtdIns3K: phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase; RB1CC1/FIP200: RB1 inducible coiled-coil 1; SAXS: small-angle X-ray scattering; ScAtg13HORMA: HORMA domain of Atg13 from Sccharomyces cerevisiae; SEC-SAXS: size-exclusion chromatography with small-angle X-ray scattering; SpAtg13HORMA: HORMA domain of Atg13 from Schizosaccharomyces pombe; SQSTM1/p62: sequestosome 1; ULK1: unc51-like autophagy activating kinase 1; UVRAG: UV radiation resistance associated; WIPI1: WD repeat domain: phosphoinositide interacting 1; ZFYVE1/DFCP1: zinc finger FYVE-type containing 1.

AB - The initiation of macroautophagy/autophagy is tightly regulated by the upstream ULK1 kinase complex, which affects many downstream factors including the PtdIns3K complex. The phosphorylation of the right position at the right time on downstream molecules is governed by proper complex formation. One component of the ULK1 complex, ATG101, known as an accessory protein, is a stabilizer of ATG13 in cells. The WF finger region of ATG101 plays an important role in the recruitment of WIPI1 (WD repeat domain, phosphoinositide interacting protein 1) and ZFYVE1 (zinc finger FYVE-type containing 1). Here, we report that the C-terminal region identified in the structure of the human ATG101-ATG13HORMA complex is responsible for the binding of the PtdIns3K complex. This region adopts a β-strand conformation in free ATG101, but either an α-helix or random coil in our ATG101-ATG13HORMA complex, which protrudes from the core and interacts with other molecules. The C-terminal deletion of ATG101 shows a significant defect in the interaction with PtdIns3K components and subsequently impairs autophagosome formation. This result clearly presents an additional role of ATG101 for bridging the ULK1 and PtdIns3K complexes in the mammalian autophagy process. Abbreviations: ATG: autophagy related; BECN1: beclin 1; GFP: green fluorescent protein; HORMA: Hop1p/Rev7p/MAD2; HsATG13HORMA: HORMA domain of ATG13 from Homo sapiens; KO: knockout; MAD2: mitotic arrest deficient 2 like 1; MAP1LC3/LC3: microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3; PIK3C3/VPS34: phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit type 3; PIK3R4/VPS15: phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 4; PtdIns3K: phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase; RB1CC1/FIP200: RB1 inducible coiled-coil 1; SAXS: small-angle X-ray scattering; ScAtg13HORMA: HORMA domain of Atg13 from Sccharomyces cerevisiae; SEC-SAXS: size-exclusion chromatography with small-angle X-ray scattering; SpAtg13HORMA: HORMA domain of Atg13 from Schizosaccharomyces pombe; SQSTM1/p62: sequestosome 1; ULK1: unc51-like autophagy activating kinase 1; UVRAG: UV radiation resistance associated; WIPI1: WD repeat domain: phosphoinositide interacting 1; ZFYVE1/DFCP1: zinc finger FYVE-type containing 1.

KW - ATG101

KW - ATG13

KW - C-terminal region

KW - PtdIns3K complex

KW - structure

KW - ULK1 complex

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