The changes of morphology and composition in Cu(In 1-xGa x)Se 2 powder synthesis by solvothermal method

Sin Il Gu, Hyo Soon Shin, Youn Woo Hong, Dong Hun Yeo, Sahn Nahm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


To prepare the thin film solar cell by the screen printing method, the synthesis of nano CIGS powder has been frequently studied. Especially, the solvothermal method is normally used in the synthesis of CIGS. However, in the synthesis of CIGS, the experimental studies such as the path of phase formation, the composition change of synthesized CIGS, and the change of powder morphology have rarely been reported. In this study, the changes of phase and morphology of the powders were observed with the ratio of In and Ga ions and the increase of reaction temperature. The phases of CIS and CuIn 0.7Ga 0.3Se 2 were synthesized in a = 0.1. The phase of CIS and two kinds of CIGS coexisted in the range of a = 0.3∼0.7. In a = 0.9, the single phase of CuIn 0.9Ga 0.1Se 2 was synthesized in the same ratio as the source materials. In the case of the a = 0.5 composition, as the concentration of material source and the reaction temperature were increased, the particle size of synthesized CIGS was decreased. The CIGS particles of 200 nm size and the lower aggregate were synthesized in the concentration of 0.01 M at 230 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-199
Number of pages3
JournalMetals and Materials International
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb


  • X-ray diffraction
  • chemical synthesis
  • scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
  • semiconductors
  • solar cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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