The Changing Face of Teenage Parenthood in the United States: Evidence from NLSY79 and NLSY97

Maureen A. Pirog, Haeil Jung, Daewoo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Previous studies identify consistent patterns of economically disadvantaged backgrounds, educational deficits, and relatively weak labor market outcomes of teen parents. Objective: In this study, we provide an updated report on differences in adult cohabitation rates during past decades, examine the risk factors associated with becoming a teen parent, and track teen parents’ educational and labor market outcomes until the age of 29 to examine whether the outcomes associated with become teen parents have changed in recent decades. Methods: We select two nationally representative birth cohorts in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) 1979 and 1997 (N = 9821). We use the difference-in-difference approach to examine whether the positions of teen parents have progressed or worsened across the two cohorts. Conclusion: The birth rates to teenage girls remained unchanged across the two cohorts, but the reported rates of teenage fatherhood increased. The proportions of both unmarried teenage fathers and mothers increased between the two cohorts. Teen fathers and mothers came increasingly from single-mother families with disadvantaged backgrounds. The proportion of teen mothers or fathers living with partners has not changed, but there has been a major shift from marriage to non-marital cohabitation. The education and earnings of the 1997 cohort of teen parents showed some progress relative to the earlier teen parent cohort, but no progress relative to peers who were not teen parents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-342
Number of pages26
JournalChild and Youth Care Forum
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun 1

Fingerprint

parenthood
parents
evidence
father
cohabitation
labor market
fatherhood
birth rate
deficit
marriage

Keywords

  • Earnings
  • Educational achievement
  • Families
  • Marriage/cohabitation
  • Poverty/disadvantage
  • Pregnancy
  • Teenage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

The Changing Face of Teenage Parenthood in the United States : Evidence from NLSY79 and NLSY97. / Pirog, Maureen A.; Jung, Haeil; Lee, Daewoo.

In: Child and Youth Care Forum, Vol. 47, No. 3, 01.06.2018, p. 317-342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{bf30564be54c47c3a90c094d80f33cd8,
title = "The Changing Face of Teenage Parenthood in the United States: Evidence from NLSY79 and NLSY97",
abstract = "Background: Previous studies identify consistent patterns of economically disadvantaged backgrounds, educational deficits, and relatively weak labor market outcomes of teen parents. Objective: In this study, we provide an updated report on differences in adult cohabitation rates during past decades, examine the risk factors associated with becoming a teen parent, and track teen parents’ educational and labor market outcomes until the age of 29 to examine whether the outcomes associated with become teen parents have changed in recent decades. Methods: We select two nationally representative birth cohorts in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) 1979 and 1997 (N = 9821). We use the difference-in-difference approach to examine whether the positions of teen parents have progressed or worsened across the two cohorts. Conclusion: The birth rates to teenage girls remained unchanged across the two cohorts, but the reported rates of teenage fatherhood increased. The proportions of both unmarried teenage fathers and mothers increased between the two cohorts. Teen fathers and mothers came increasingly from single-mother families with disadvantaged backgrounds. The proportion of teen mothers or fathers living with partners has not changed, but there has been a major shift from marriage to non-marital cohabitation. The education and earnings of the 1997 cohort of teen parents showed some progress relative to the earlier teen parent cohort, but no progress relative to peers who were not teen parents.",
keywords = "Earnings, Educational achievement, Families, Marriage/cohabitation, Poverty/disadvantage, Pregnancy, Teenage",
author = "Pirog, {Maureen A.} and Haeil Jung and Daewoo Lee",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10566-017-9417-y",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "317--342",
journal = "Child & Youth Care Quarterly",
issn = "0893-0848",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Changing Face of Teenage Parenthood in the United States

T2 - Evidence from NLSY79 and NLSY97

AU - Pirog, Maureen A.

AU - Jung, Haeil

AU - Lee, Daewoo

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - Background: Previous studies identify consistent patterns of economically disadvantaged backgrounds, educational deficits, and relatively weak labor market outcomes of teen parents. Objective: In this study, we provide an updated report on differences in adult cohabitation rates during past decades, examine the risk factors associated with becoming a teen parent, and track teen parents’ educational and labor market outcomes until the age of 29 to examine whether the outcomes associated with become teen parents have changed in recent decades. Methods: We select two nationally representative birth cohorts in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) 1979 and 1997 (N = 9821). We use the difference-in-difference approach to examine whether the positions of teen parents have progressed or worsened across the two cohorts. Conclusion: The birth rates to teenage girls remained unchanged across the two cohorts, but the reported rates of teenage fatherhood increased. The proportions of both unmarried teenage fathers and mothers increased between the two cohorts. Teen fathers and mothers came increasingly from single-mother families with disadvantaged backgrounds. The proportion of teen mothers or fathers living with partners has not changed, but there has been a major shift from marriage to non-marital cohabitation. The education and earnings of the 1997 cohort of teen parents showed some progress relative to the earlier teen parent cohort, but no progress relative to peers who were not teen parents.

AB - Background: Previous studies identify consistent patterns of economically disadvantaged backgrounds, educational deficits, and relatively weak labor market outcomes of teen parents. Objective: In this study, we provide an updated report on differences in adult cohabitation rates during past decades, examine the risk factors associated with becoming a teen parent, and track teen parents’ educational and labor market outcomes until the age of 29 to examine whether the outcomes associated with become teen parents have changed in recent decades. Methods: We select two nationally representative birth cohorts in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) 1979 and 1997 (N = 9821). We use the difference-in-difference approach to examine whether the positions of teen parents have progressed or worsened across the two cohorts. Conclusion: The birth rates to teenage girls remained unchanged across the two cohorts, but the reported rates of teenage fatherhood increased. The proportions of both unmarried teenage fathers and mothers increased between the two cohorts. Teen fathers and mothers came increasingly from single-mother families with disadvantaged backgrounds. The proportion of teen mothers or fathers living with partners has not changed, but there has been a major shift from marriage to non-marital cohabitation. The education and earnings of the 1997 cohort of teen parents showed some progress relative to the earlier teen parent cohort, but no progress relative to peers who were not teen parents.

KW - Earnings

KW - Educational achievement

KW - Families

KW - Marriage/cohabitation

KW - Poverty/disadvantage

KW - Pregnancy

KW - Teenage

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85027155283&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85027155283&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10566-017-9417-y

DO - 10.1007/s10566-017-9417-y

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85027155283

VL - 47

SP - 317

EP - 342

JO - Child & Youth Care Quarterly

JF - Child & Youth Care Quarterly

SN - 0893-0848

IS - 3

ER -