The Characteristics of Lower Eyelid Reverse Ptosis after Reconstruction of Orbital Floor Wall Fracture Using Transconjunctival Approach

Jinhwan Park, Seungheon Kim, Sehyun Baek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes of lower eyelid position and the incidence of reverse ptosis after reconstruction of orbital floor fracture. The authors retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of patients who received reconstruction of orbital floor wall fractures between 2014 and 2017. Digital photographs were taken preoperatively, and at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months postoperatively. Main measurements were marginal reflex distance 2 (MRD 2), which was measured by analyzing the digital photographs using ImageJ software. Among 264 patients with orbital wall fracture, The authors enrolled 32 eyes (18 right eyes and 14 left eyes) of 32 patients (21 males and 11 females) with a mean age of 32.1 years (range, 16-57 years). 7 (21.9%) of 32 patients had reverse ptosis at postoperative 3 months. When MRD2 of affected eye was compared based on the fellow eye, 7 patients with reversed ptosis showed a definite MRD 2 decrease (>1 mm) of affected eye from postoperative 1 month. Age showed a significant negative correlation with the difference of MRD2 between affected and fellow eye at postoperative 1 and 3 months (r = -0.378, P = 0.033 and r = -0.372, P = 0.036, respectively). Postoperative complications were not observed in all patients. The transconjunctival access in orbital floor wall surgery is a safe and useful surgical approach. However, some may have a reverse ptosis postoperatively, especially older patients. Reverse ptosis is a major clinical finding that should not be overlooked in post-operative follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E649-E653
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Lower eyelid retractor
  • orbital wall fracture
  • reverse ptosis
  • transconjunctival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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